All India Trade Union Congress - AITUC

The AITUC full form is the All India Trade Union Congress. It is the first Central Trade Union of India and the second largest trade union federation in India after the Indian National Trade union Congress. 

Since AITUC has been in the news recently, it is important from a competitive exams point of view. Questions based on AITUC can be framed under the general awareness section of various Government exams

AITUC – Why in the News?

The All India Trade Union Congress completed its 101 years of formation on October 31st 2020.  This article aims to upkeep candidates with the relevant information about the AITUC, its formation, background, governing body and more. 

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All India Trade Union Congress

Before knowing about the AITUC it is imperative to understand the trade unions and labour union first.

What are Trade Unions?

Trade unions are organised associations of workers in a trade or profession. These are interested in the economic and social welfare of the workers and are formed to further their rights and interests. In India, Trade Unions in India are registered under the Trade Union Act (1926).

About AITUC

  1. The All India Trade union Congress is the oldest trade union federations in India. 
  2. Since its inception when unions became organised on party lines, AITUC was the primary trade union organisation in India working under the Indian National Congress.

Know about the establishment of Indian National Congress on the linked article. 

Also, know about the Indian National Congress Session.

  1. Since 1945, the All India Trade Union Congress has been politically associated with the Communist Party of India.
  2. In the aftermath of the Second World War the AITUC played a significant role in the foundation of the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU).
  3. AITUC is governed by a body headed by National President Ramendra Kumar and General Secretary Amarjeet Kaur, both politicians affiliated with Communist Party of India.

Know more about the World Federation of Trade Unions on the given link. 

The table below shows the important facts associated with AITUC-

AITUC- All India Trade Union Congress
AITUC formation year and place October 31st 1920 in Bombay
AITUC founded by   Lala Lajpat Rai
AITUC was formed under Indian National Congress
AITUC politically linked  Communist Party of India (since 1945 to present)
AITUC member (present) Approximately 2.7 million 
Governed by (present) President – Ramendra Kumar

General secretary – Amarjeet Kaur

Aspirants preparing for any government exams can visit the link provided to prepare even better for the examination-

AITUC Background

  1. The beginning of the labour upsurge against oppression and exploitation dates back to the second half of the nineteenth century, during the British Raj in India, with the emergence of a class of casual general labour. Know about, Impact of British rule in India.
  2. Shattering of the self-sufficient village economy with no new structures in place and the dumping of cheap industrial goods that turned millions into landless labourers like artisans, spinners, weavers, craftsmen, smelters, smiths, potters, etc., who could no longer live on agriculture. All these led to  Poverty-stricken peasantry and landless labour forces. 
  3. The widespread famines in India through the period from 1850 to 1890 resulting in deaths of several lakhs and also reducing millions as beggars.
  4. This background did help the 1857 revolt by princely states and the common masses against the disempowering policies of British rule.
  5. From 1905 onwards there was a notable advance in the working class actions. A strike took place in Bombay against the extension of working hours.
  6. Another great event that led to the formation of AITUC was strike by industrial workers of Bombay from July 24 to 28, 1908, in protest against the pronouncement of judgment sentencing six years imprisonment to freedom fighter Bal Gangadhar Tilak.
  7. The October Revolution in 1917 in Russia during the First World War was a great impetus for the Indian labour movement as the working class along with peasantry captured power for the first time in the history of mankind.
  8. Strikes in India during the period was also a stimulus for the formation of AITUC. In 1918 a great strike in cotton mills of Bombay started and soon it spread to other areas. The strike against the Rowlatt Act had a great impact on the national struggle itself. Read about Indian Freedom Struggle List for relevant information.

It was in this heroic background that the preparations began on July 16, 1920, when a convention was held in Bombay which decided to hold “All India Trade Union Congress in Bombay”.

Formation of AITUC – All India Trade Union Congress 

  1. The founding conference or the first session of AITUC began on October 31st 1920, in Empire Theatre Bombay with Lala Lajpat Rai as the founding President.
  2. Other leaders who participated were –  Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, V. V. Giri, Sarojini Naidu, C.R. Das, Jawarharlal Nehru, Mohammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, V.J. Patel, B.P. Wadia, Joseph Baptista, Lalubhai Samaldas, Jamnadas, Dwarka Das, B W Wadia, R R Karandikar, Col. J.C. Wedgwood.

Know about the prominent personalities who were the part of AITUC from the given links-

AITUC in its second session in 1921 in Jharia had adopted a resolution of Swaraj (Complete independence from British rule), almost eight years before the platform of freedom struggle- the Indian National Congress adopted such resolution in 1929.

The table below highlights various national conferences of AITUC – 

AITUC – National Conferences
National Conference Year Place President General Secretary
1st 31 Oct 1920 Bombay Lala Lajpat Rai V.M. Pawar
2nd 30 Nov-2 Dec 1921 Jharia Joseph Baptista Diwan Chamanlal
3rd 24-26 March 1923 Lahore C.R. Das Diwan Chamanlal
4th 30-31 March 1924 Calcutta D.R. Thengdi F.J. Ginwala/ E.N.C. Sen
5th 14-15 Feb 1925 Bombay C.F. Andrews F.J. Ginwala/ N.M. Joshi
6th 9-10 Jan 1926 Madras Rai Sahib/C. Prasad N.M. Joshi
7th 12-13 March 1927 Delhi Diwan Chamanlal N.M. Joshi
8th 26-28 Nov 1927 Kanpur C.F. Andrews N.M. Joshi
9th 18-20 Dec 1928 Jharia Jawaharlal Nehru N.M. Joshi
10th 28 Nov-1 Dec 1929 Nagpur Subhash Chandra Bose S.V. Deshpande
11th 4-7 July 1931 Calcutta R.S. Ruikar Mukundlal Sircar
12th 10-12 Sept 1932 Madras G.L. Khandelkar Mukundlal Sircar
13th 23-24 Dec 1933 Kanpur Hariharnath Shastri Shibnath Banerji
14th 19-21 Apr 1935 Calcutta R.S. Ruikar R.A. Khedgikar
15th 17-18 May 1936 Bombay Shibnath Banerji Maniben Kara
16th 1-7 Jan 1938 Delhi Dr Suresh Chandra Banerjee B.K. Mukherjee
17th 17 Apr 1938 Nagpur Dr Suresh Chandra Banerjee R.R. Bakhale
18th 28-30 Sept 1940 Bombay V.R.Kalappa N.M. Joshi
19th 8-9 Feb 1942 Kanpur V. V. Giri N.M. Joshi
20th 1-4 May 1943 Nagpur S.A. Dange N.M. Joshi
21th 18-23 Jan 1945 Madras Mrinal Kanti Bose N.M. Joshi
22th 13-19 Feb 1947 Calcutta S.A. Dange N.M. Joshi
23rd 27-30 May 1949 Bombay S.A. Dange N.M. Joshi
24th 27-30 May 1954 Calcutta V. Chakkaria Chettiar S.A. Dange
25th 25-29 Dec 1957 Ernakulam S.S. Mirajkar S.A. Dange
26th 6-12 Jan 1961 Coimbatore S.S. Mirajkar S.A. Dange
27th 16-22 May 1966 Bombay S.S. Mirajkar S.A. Dange
28th 28 Jan-1 Feb 1970 Guntur S.S. Mirajkar S.A. Dange
29th 30 Jan-4 Feb 1973 Calcutta Dr. Ranen Sen S.A. Dange
30th 13-17 Oct 1976 Jamshedpur S.A. Dange K.G.Srivastava
31st 26-31 Oct 1980 Visakhapatnam S.A. Dange Indarajit Gupta
32nd 15-20 Dec 1983 Bangalore Chaturanan Mishra Indarajit Gupta
33rd 15-20 Dec 1986 Vadodara Chaturanan Mishra Indarajit Gupta
34th 7-12 Aug 1990 Madras M.S. Krishnan Homi Daji
35th 11-15 March 1994 Patna M.S. Krishnan A.B. Bardhan
36th 16-20 Oct 1997 Amritsar J. Chittarnjan K.L. Mahendra
37th 19-23 Dec 2001 Hyderabad J. Chittarnjan Gurudas Das Gupta
38th 26-30 Nov 2005 Delhi Pramode Gogoi Gurudas Das Gupta
39th 29 Nov-5 Dec 2008 Thiruvananthapuram Pramode Gogoi Gurudas Das Gupta
40th 27-30 Nov 2012 Mumbai Ramendra Kumar Gurudas Das Gupta
41th 25-28 Feb 2016 Coimbatore Ramendra Kumar Gurudas Das Gupta
Mid-Term 11 December 2017 Ranchi, Jharkhand Ramendra Kumar Amarjeet Kaur

Reference – Wikipedia [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All_India_Trade_Union_Congress]

The information on AITUC – All India Trade union Congress is important for UPSC aspirants because questions on the same can be asked in UPSC Prelims as well as in UPSC Mains GS I. Aspirants preparing for the UPSC exam can check the links given below –

  1. IAS 2021
  2. UPSC Calendar 2021
  3. NCERT Notes Modern History UPSC
  4. Previous Year History Questions UPSC GS I Mains

You can also check out the preparation strategies for competitive exams to fine-tune your exam prep. 

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