List Indian Freedom Movements [1857 -1947] - For General Awareness

The topic of Indian freedom struggle or Indian freedom movement holds relevance for the general awareness section of various competitive exams. 

Candidates preparing for upcoming Government exams such as SSC, RRB, Bank etc. must go through the list of Indian freedom movements thoroughly as general awareness is a part of most of these exams.

Aspirants of UPSC exam also have to encounter questions based on Indian freedom struggle in UPSC Prelims, and GS 1 Mains exam.

What is the Indian Freedom Movement?

Indian freedom movement also called Indian independence movement are a series of activities that took place with the ultimate goal of bringing an end of British rule in India. The movements during Indian freedom struggle spanned for 90 years i.e from 1857 to1947. 

Hence, the article aims to give a timeline of Indian freedom movements. Candidates will be able to download the list of Indian freedom struggles PDF for convenience in preparation. 

List Of Indian Freedom Movement PDF:-Download PDF Here

Indian Freedom Struggle [1857 -1947] 

The Indian National Movement was organized as a mass movement. Given below is the list of Indian National Movements initiated to rule out British from India.  

List of Indian Freedom Movements [1857 to 1947]
Years Indian Freedom Struggles
1857 Revolt Of 1857, Sepoy Mutiny, began in Meerut, spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur & Lucknow
1885 Indian National Congress Formed
1905 Partition Of Bengal By Lord Curzon
1907 Split of Congress – The Radicals led by Tilak and The moderates led by Gokhle and Dadabhai Noroji. 
1906 Formation Of Muslim league (December 30)
1911 India’s Capital shifted From Kolkata to Delhi
1912 Delhi-Lahore Conspiracy – Assassination of Viceroy Of India, Lord Hardinge
1913 Ghadar Party was formed oversea to fight for independence
1914 -1917 Hindu-German Conspiracy
1915 Return of Mahatama Gandhi to India from South Africa
1916-1918 Mohammad Ali Jinnah joined the Indian National Congress, workers’ movement in Ahmedabad and Local struggles took place  by means of Peasant movements in Kheda (Gujarat),
1919 Rowlatt Satyagraha (March-April) – A significant movement under Gandhi’s leadership

Jallianwala Bagh massacre -13th April – General Reginald Dyer – 

Rowlatt Satyagraha – a countrywide campaign against the Rowlatt Act summoned by Mahatama Gandhi

1919-1924 The movement of Indian Muslims – the Khilafat Movement led which was led by Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali
1920 -1922 Non-cooperation Movement – Mahatama Gandhi against the autocratic rule of Britishers in India contemplated the non-violent movement 
1922 Chauri Chaura killing (Gorakhpur district); Gandhi called off non-cooperation.
1925 establishment of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)
1927 Simon Commission – a commission set up by British government for further formulation of constitutional reforms in India under Sir John Simon
December 1928 Bhagat Singh killed a senior British police officer in Lahore
1929 Declaration of Poorna Swaraj in (Lahore session)
March-April, 1930 Civil Disobedience Movement  – Outset of Salt Satyagrah/Dandi March – Gandhi’s salt march to the sea at Dandi to oppose British taxes of salt.
November 1930 The First Round Table Conference – London
December 1931 Second Round Table Conference – London
5th March 1931 Gandhi-Irwin Pact was signed
1932 Poona Pact signed between Ambedkar and Mahatama Gandhi (Madan Mohan Malviya signed it on Gandhi’s behalf)
1935 Government of India Act
1939 All congress ministries resigned
August 1942 Quit India Movement – third major movement against British rule launched by Gandhi
1942 Cripps Mission was sent to India by British Government. The mission was headed by Sir Stafford Cripps
1943 The great Bengal Famine hit the Bengal province of pre-partition India causing the death of millions of people due to starvation, malnutrition and disease
1947 India gained its freedom from British rule in August 1947

Candidates can go through the important topics of Indian freedom struggle given in detail in the following links:

Candidates willing to check more topics for the general awareness section of various competitive exams can visit the SSC General Awareness page. The topics covered are common for all government examinations.

Aspiring for a career in the government sector? Check the following links for preparation of government exams-

Sample Questions On Indian National Movements

The Indian Nationalist Movements is an extremely relevant topic fro various government exams and its importance can only be understood by knowing the type of questions candidates can expect in the examination. 

Hence, go through a few sample questions to understand the variety of questions they might encounter in the government or competitive exams.

Q.1. Which act during the Indian freedom struggle was known as ‘ Black-Bill’?

  1. Government of India Act
  2. Indian Council Act
  3. Rowlatt Act
  4. Child Marriages Restraint Act

Answer (3)

Q.2. The provision for a separate electorate for Hindus and Muslims was made in___.

  1. Minto-Morley reforms
  2. Government of India Act, 1935
  3. Mountbatten Plan
  4. Montague Chelmsford reforms

Answer (1)

Q.3. ____ played an important role in the formation of Indian National Congress. Name the English Officer.

  1. Sir Stafford Cripps
  2. A O Hume
  3. Sir John Simon
  4. Lord Curzon

Answer (2)

Q.4. The Rowlatt Act enactment immediately preceeds____.

  1. Non- Cooperation Movement
  2. Simon commission Arrival
  3. Jallianwala Bagh Massacre
  4. Communal Awards

Answer (3)

Q,5. ____ remarked, “Nehru is a patriot while Jinnah is a politician”

  1. Abdul Gaffar Khan
  2. Maulana Azad
  3. Sir Mohammed Iqbal
  4. Mahatma Gandhi

Answer (3)

List Of Indian Freedom Struggles PDF:-Download PDF Here

he questions given-above are just for reference, candidates are advised to check the Previous Year Question Papers with solution PDF to get acquainted with the variety and scope of questions asked in the government exams related to the topic.

Candidates willing to appear for various competitive exams must have a clear idea of the entire syllabus for the various government exams and only then can they start their preparation systematically. So given below are a set of links they can refer to:

Aspirants of various government exams and especially candidates who are aspiring for a career in banking sectors can visit the Banking Awareness page for assistance in preparation.

Aspirants who are willing to apply for various Government exams are advised to start their preparation as early as possible and for any help or assistant, they can refer to BYJU’S to get the latest information, study material and tips for preparation.

Current Affairs - Daily Comprehensive News Analysis

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *