Blood Cancer is a type of tumor i.e. rapid formation of cancerous cells that would damage normal functioning of Circulatory system.
Types of Blood Cancer
Leukemia: It is a cancer of white Blood cells and bone marrow i.e it is a condition that occurs when a body produces an excess of abnormal WBC. They are four main types of leukemia, namely:
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Lymphoma: It directly affects your lymphatic system which acts as a shield against diseases. It can occur in your blood, spleen and bone marrow. There are mainly two types.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Hodgkin lymphoma.
Myeloma: It is a tumor of plasma cells. They are white Blood cells (WBC) that generate diseases fighting antibodies. This cancer prevents the production of antibodies thus leading the immune system to be weakened. Henceforth our body will be prone to infection and diseases.
Symptoms of blood cancer
Some of the generic symptoms are stated below:
- Severe Headache.
- Itching of skin.
- Back Pain.
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Sudden weight loss.
- A cough that does not go away.
Symptoms of blood cancer in women
- Facing difficulty in swallowing.
- Frequent Infections.
- Pelvic Pain.
- Nipple Changes.
- Swollen Breasts.
- No Appetite.
Causes of Blood Cancer
There is no certain reason for the cause of blood cancer. Some factors are related to this include age factor, Hereditary, weakened the immune system, infections, aids, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, exposure to chemotherapy, organ transplantation, usage of hair dies, some kind of petrochemicals and maternal fetal transmission in rare cases.
Blood Cancer Treatment
Treatment of cancer depends on the type of cancer, age, severity and many other factors. Some of the common treatment is stated below:
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation is given to destroy cancer cells. They make use of high energy X- rays. It also relieves pain. It is also conducted before stem cell and bone marrow plantation.
- Stem Cell Transplantation: Stem cells are collected from the bone marrow, umbilical cord and peripheral blood. They inculcate healthy blood-forming stem cells.
- Chemotherapy: It is a treatment that involves drugs that are given to destroy cancer cells.