Blood is the fluid connective tissue which is mainly involved in the transportation of nutrients, hormones, respiratory gases, etc. Blood also plays a major role in maintaining and management of body temperature, pH, and other thermoregulation processes.
A human blood is composed of different cells, including erythrocytes (RBC’s), leucocytes (WBC’s) thrombocytes (blood platelets), and plasma that includes protein, salts, and water.
Blood cancer is also called by the term hematologic cancer. This syndrome develops when the bone marrow and the blood cells get affected. Therefore, the production and function of these cells stop functioning (fighting against infections and repair our body cells) and the cancer cells grow out of control.
Types of Blood Cancer
Leukemia: It is a type of blood cancer which affects the leukocytes, or white blood cells and bone marrow. This condition generally occurs when a body produces an excess of abnormal WBC. There are four main types of leukemia, namely:
- Acute myeloid leukemia
- Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
- Chronic myeloid leukemia
- Chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Lymphoma: It directly affects the lymphatic system which acts as a shield against the diseases. It may affect blood cells, spleen and bone marrow. There are mainly two types.
- Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
- Hodgkin lymphoma.
Myeloma: It is a tumor of plasma cells. They are white Blood cells (WBC) that generate diseases fighting antibodies. This cancer prevents the production of antibodies thus leading the weakening of immune system. Henceforth our body will be prone to infection and other diseases.
Symptoms of blood cancer
Some of the generic symptoms are stated below:
- A severe Headache
- Itchy skin
- Back Pain
- Difficulty in breathing
- Sudden weight loss
- A cough that does not go away
Symptoms of blood cancer in women
- Facing difficulty in swallowing
- Frequent Infections
- Pelvic Pain
- Nipple Changes
- Swollen Breasts
- No Appetite
Causes of Blood Cancer
There is no certain reason for the cause of blood cancer. Some factors are related to age factor, hereditary, weakened immune system, infections, aids, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, exposure to chemotherapy, organ transplantation, usage of hair dies, some kind of petrochemicals and maternal-fetal transmission in rare cases.
Blood Cancer Treatment
Treatment of cancer depends on the type of cancer, age, severity and many other factors. Some of the common treatment is stated below:
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation is given to destroy cancer cells. They make use of high energy X- rays. It also relieves pain. It is conducted before stem cell and bone marrow plantation.
- Stem Cell Transplantation: Stem cells are collected from the bone marrow, umbilical cord, and peripheral blood. They inculcate healthy blood-forming stem cells.
- Chemotherapy: It is a treatment that involves drugs which are mainly given to destroy the cancer cells.
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