Difference Between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

Every living organism, existing on this planet earth require nutrients to sustain a healthy life and for different life processes. Nutrients are chemical substances that are required for the proper functioning of cells, tissues and different organs in all living organism.


Our body requires an adequate amount of nutrients which are mainly required for various functions of the body, including growth, repair, and also for the protection against the disease-causing microbes.

Nutrients are substances required by the body to perform its basic functions and they are available in the food which we eat. As our body cannot synthesize these nutrients on their own, they need to be supplied through the diet. There are two different types of nutrients and are classified based on the required quantity.

Carbohydrates, Lipids, Proteins, Vitamins, and Minerals are the essential nutrients required by our body to perform its basic function and other life processes. The nutrients obtained from both the plant and animal are classified into Macronutrients and Micronutrients. Our body requires nutrients to help with energy, and the micronutrients help our body to be healthy and digest those macronutrients.

Also, read Nutrients

Here, let us know more about the Micronutrients, Macronutrients and their differences.

Micro and Macronutrients

Micronutrients- The plant-based nutrients which are required in very small quantities and are mainly responsible for repairing damaged cell and tissues, prevention of infectious diseases by fighting against the disease-causing pathogens including bacteria, virus, fungi, etc. Micronutrients include calcium, iron, vitamins, iron, minerals and vitamin C.

Macronutrients- The plant-based nutrients which are required in large quantities as our body cannot produce by its self. These macronutrients providing energy and supports the different metabolic system, growth, and development of the body. Macronutrients include fats, proteins,  carbohydrates, Vitamins, and minerals.

Also, read the Functions of Macronutrients and Micronutrients

For more information regarding the macro and micronutrients, let us look into its differences.

Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

Micronutrients Macronutrients
Required in minute quantities. Required in large quantities.
Play a crucial role in the prevention of diseases. Play a crucial role in providing energy.
Deficiency results in Anaemia, Scurvy, Goitre, etc. Deficiency results in Malnutrition, Kwashiorkor, marasmus, etc.
Overconsumption of Vitamins leads to liver and nerve damage. Overconsumption of macronutrients results in cardiovascular diseases,  diabetes, obesity, etc.
Antioxidants, Minerals, and Vitamins are examples of macronutrients. Proteins, fiber, carbohydrates, and fats are examples of micronutrients.
Micronutrients are largely obtained from vegetables, fruits, cashews, eggs, all dairy products, etc. Macronutrients are largely obtained from beans, nuts, legumes, pulses, tofu, soy, cereals, potatoes, fish,  cheese, oilseeds, milk, etc.
Their concentration is less than 1mg/gm. Their concentration is equal to 1 mg or 1000 microgram.
Are found in a minute quantity in plants products. Are found abundantly in all plants products.
They are trace elements. They are major elements.
All micronutrients are minerals. Includes both minerals and non-minerals.

The excessive consumption or the deficiency of both the macro and micronutrients results in a negative impact on the health. Therefore, always ensure to have a well-balanced diet which includes an equal and required quantity of both macronutrients and micronutrients.

Learn more about Micronutrients and Macronutrients, its differences  and other related topics @ BYJU’S Biology

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