Difference Between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

Every living organism, existing on the planet earth require nutrients to sustain a healthy life. Nutrients are chemical substances that are required for the proper functioning of cells, tissues and different organs in all living organism. Our body requires an adequate amount of nutrients which are mainly required for various functions of the body, including growth, repair, and also for the protection against the disease-causing microbes. The nutrients obtained from the plant’s products are classified into Macronutrients and Micronutrients. Our body requires nutrients to help with energy, and micronutrients and to help our body to be healthy and digest those macronutrients.

Micronutrients

They are the plant nutrients which are required in very small quantities and are mainly responsible for repairing damaged tissues in order to control body process disease, prevention of infectious diseases by fighting against the disease-causing agents including bacteria, virus, fungi, etc. Micronutrients include calcium, iron, vitamins, iron, minerals and vitamin C.

Macronutrients

They are the plant nutrients which are required in large quantities and are specially meant for providing energy and for supporting the metabolic system and growth of the body. Macronutrients include fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

More information regarding the difference between macro and micronutrients are provided below.

Difference between Micronutrients and Macronutrients

Micronutrients

Macronutrients

Required in minute quantities.

Required in large quantities.

Play a pivotal role in disease prevention.

Play a pivotal role in providing energy.

Deficiency of micronutrients can cause Anaemia, Scurvy, Goitre, etc.

Deficiency of macronutrients can cause protein-energy malnutrition, Kwashiorkor, marasmus, etc.

Excessive intake of Vitamins harms the liver, mild nerve damage, etc.

Excessive intake of macronutrients results in cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, etc.

Antioxidants, Minerals, and Vitamins are examples of macronutrients.

Proteins, fiber, carbohydrates, and fats are examples of micronutrients.

Micronutrients are mainly obtained from vegetables, fruits, cashews, eggs, all dairy products, etc.

Macronutrients are mainly obtained from legumes, beans, pulses, soy, tofu, cereals, potatoes, fish as nuts, oilseeds, milk, cheese, etc.

Their concentration is less than 1mg/gm.

Their concentration is equal to 1 mg or 1000 microgram.

Are found in a minute quantity in plants products.

Are found abundantly in all plants products.

They are trace elements.

They are major elements.

All micronutrients are minerals.

Includes both minerals and non-minerals.

The excessive consumption or the deficiency of both the nutrients cause a negative impact on the health. Therefore, always ensure to have a fine balance between the consumption of macronutrients and micronutrients

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to know more about the nutrients, their sources, and their differences.


Practise This Question

Which of the following is/are the abiotic components of terrestrial habitats?