Balanced Diet and Health Benefits

To stay fit, for an optimal health and for a well-being, having a healthy or a balanced diet is the must for the human body. A balanced diet includes all the basic requirements of nutrients, including carbohydrates,  vitamins, proteins, fats, fiber and a lot more.  This is a healthy diet which provides all the necessary requirements essential for the survival growth and for our body organs to function accurately.

Balanced Diet

Balanced Diet

A balanced diet could be simply defined as the food that gives the body the nutrients it needs to function properly. In order to avail truly balanced nutrition, one must obtain the major share of the daily calories from fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins.

Calories are a measure of units of energy. They are two types: small and large calories. Calorie in a diet or a meal could be defined as the amount of energy conserved in food which is in turn used by the body to perform several activities. Three meals that are consumed by a person in a day should be comprised of six hundred fifty to seven hundred calories. Again the total intake of calories varies between men and women, children and adults, etc.

Consume a diet based on starch-rich food such as potatoes, bread and rice; with plenty of fruits and vegetables; foods that are rich in proteins such as fish, lentils and meat; milk and food made of dairy products; and not too much fatty, salt or sugar, and rest assured it would give all the nutrients needed. When the matter is based on a healthy lifestyle choice, balance is the way to go. This goes to mean that one has to eat a wide variety of food in the right proportions and consuming the right amount of food and drink to achieve and maintain a healthy body weight.

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Practise This Question

Bholu wants to grow plants inside his house but he does not like the mess soil makes. So, Bholu uses a technique called hydroponics. In this technique, plants are grown without soil and instead receive nutrients from mineral rich water that is made to flow over the plants roots as shown below. The water needs to be dissolved with chemicals containing plant nutrients such as containing nitrogen, potassium and zinc.

Choose the option that best depicts the relative amount of nutrients that needs to be added to the water. (A bigger circle means more amount and vice versa; if a circle is not present it means that the nutrient is not added ).