Difference Between Mitochondria And Chloroplast

Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles that are found in a plant cell but only mitochondria are found in an animal cell. Mitochondria generate energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients. Chloroplasts are known as the place where the process of photosynthesis occurs. Here, in this article, let us discuss the difference between mitochondria and chloroplast.

Mitochondria vs Chloroplast

Mitochondria Chloroplast
Known as the powerhouse of the cell, it is responsible for energy metabolism and cellular respiration Larger and much more complex than a mitochondrion, it is the site where photosynthesis takes place.
Present in cells of all types of aerobic organisms such as plants and animals. Present in green plants and green algae
Bean-shaped Disc-shaped
Colourless organelle Green in colour
Matrix and Cristae are the two chambers present in a mitochondrion Stroma and thylakoid are the two chambers of a chloroplast
Consumes oxygen Releases oxygen
Do not possess any pigments Chloroplast is comprised of pigments such as chlorophyll, carotenoids and photosynthetic pigments
Energy is released by breaking down organic food producing carbon dioxide and water Stores energy and uses carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose

From the above differences between mitochondria and chloroplast, we can conclude that both these organelles are essential and equally contribute to the function and growth of a cell.

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