Mitochondria and chloroplast are organelles found in a plant cell. However, chloroplast is absent in an animal but mitochondria is found in both.
Mitochondria generates energy for the cell in the form of ATP using oxygen and nutrients. Chloroplast is the site for photosynthesis in a plant cell. Let us discuss the difference between mitochondria and chloroplast in detail.
Mitochondria vs Chloroplast
|Known as the powerhouse of the cell, it is responsible for energy metabolism and cellular respiration||Larger and much more complex than a mitochondrion, it is the site where photosynthesis takes place.|
|Present in cells of all types of aerobic organisms such as plants and animals.||Present in green plants and green algae|
|Colourless organelle||Green in colour|
|Matrix and Cristae are the two chambers present in a mitochondrion||Stroma and thylakoid are the two chambers of a chloroplast|
|Consumes oxygen||Releases oxygen|
|Do not possess any pigments||Chloroplast is comprised of pigments such as chlorophyll, carotenoids and photosynthetic pigments|
|Energy is released by breaking down organic food producing carbon dioxide and water||Stores energy and uses carbon dioxide and water to produce glucose|