One tends to adapt themselves to their surroundings, climate, habitat and other variations. After which it becomes difficult to uproot ourselves and settle elsewhere. All living species, human, plants, animals, and birds have a habit of making home and finding it difficult to leave when the time calls for it. Let’s see what an endemic species mean, examples and facts.
Endemic species are those which are only found in a given region or location and nowhere else in the world. So the region which the species is endemic to ends up being called the “endemic site”, a “national endemic”, a “geographical range endemic”, or a political region endemic depending on the location. But as we see endemic plants and animals are those that are unique to a specific geographic region; hence, this makes them incredibly unique and more vulnerable to extinction. Because they are only found in certain locations as they require special conservation efforts.
Examples of Endemic species
There are several ways in which a species may come to be endemic to a particular area. An initially quite broadly distributed population may disappear from several habitats, due to changes which have occurred. The changes could be an influx of predators, human activities, and climate changes. Finally, the organism may be restrained to just one region. These endemic species can be found in certain specific areas.
For example, to come upon endemic animals, small islands are great places.
Endemic species, such as the lemurs of Madagascar and the tortoises of the Galápagos can be found here. Big islands also provide the same isolation but on a larger scale. Antarctica Hawaii and Australia are all huge landmasses where we can find a lot of endemic species. Kangaroos, koalas, and polar bears are all endemic to these places.
In the case of endemic plants, sometimes species become endemic due to habitat destruction as discussed above.
The Redwood Forest on the West Coast of the United States has become endemic as it is now almost entirely limited to California. While there was a time when Redwoods used to cover much of the United States but have been destroyed by logging and are now limited to a small conservation area.
Diseases, on the other hand, can also be endemic. An endemic disease may be geographically isolated or it may be isolated to a certain group. Malaria is an example of an endemic disease because it is mostly limited to small pockets of infection in Africa.
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