Population Explosion and Family Planning
Quality and status of life have undergone a drastic change over a century. We have to thank the improvised and advanced technologies around the world for this. One of the impacts of advanced technology on the economy is reduced mortality rate and increased the birth rate. This has led to one of the most dangerous problems crippling the world today viz. population explosion.
India has grabbed its position among top powerful countries. India yesterday traveled far enough to reach what India is today. Lifestyle, status, and economy everything has reached a new milestone. Among this race, the population of India stands first. The population of India is 12 times of the population that prevailed during independence. Do we have to stop this? If yes, how?
Reproduction is necessary for continuing the existence of a species, but such an alarming growth will definitely lead to a shortage of many basic necessities. This thought marked the onset of family planning in India. In 1952, India became the first country which put population policy; today known as the First Five Year Plan, with the goal of controlling population explosion, but it failed.
Later by 1970’s, the government came forward with more effective methods to control the population explosion. These included Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act (1971), posters and bills carrying birth control mottos, a minimum age for marriage, contraception etc.
Birth Control Methods/Contraception
Undoubtedly, we can say that it’s time to show red signal to rapid population growth. Let us discuss certain easily accessible; effective birth control methods which can help to avoid unwanted pregnancy as well as provide protection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). But none of the contraceptive methods are ideal and 100% safe. Contraception promises a low rate of risk on proper use.
There are a lot of choices for contraception like:
- Natural/Traditional method
- Oral contraceptives
- Surgical methods
So far we have seen an overview of the need for birth control to mitigate the population explosion and its methods. For more ideas on this topic, visit Byju’s.
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