Modals Exercises

Verbs such as will, would, shall, should, can, could, may, might, must, need, and ought to are called modal verbs. Most of them are used as helping verbs to should the possibility/probability of something happening. This article has some exercises based on modal verbs. Try them out.

Modal Exercises with Answers

Complete the following exercises and check the answers to find out if you know them well.

Exercise 1 – Fill in the blanks with the correct modals

  1. I __ arrange the flowers for the bouquet. (may/can)
  2. __ I borrow this pen from you? (may/might)
  3. The teacher __ ask you to bring the homework. (might/can)
  4. According to the weather forecast, it ___ snow heavily tomorrow. (may/shall)
  5. Raj hasn’t studied well. He __ fail his exam. (might/shall)
  6. You __ follow the traffic rules. (may/must)
  7. It __ be difficult to live amidst war. (should/must)
  8. My mother __ scold me if I don’t go back on time. (will/may)
  9. We ___ take care of our parents. (ought to/ could)
  10. I __ visit the local grocery store soon. (shall/can)
  11. You ___ be punctual. (should/ought)
  12. One __ repay all their debts. (must/ought to)
  13. __ you show me the road to the market? (could/might)
  14. The child __ be taken to hospital immediately. (must/might)
  15. ___ you have hot chocolate? (shall/will)

Answers for Exercise 1

  1. Can
  2. May
  3. Might
  4. May
  5. Might
  6. Must
  7. Must
  8. Will
  9. Ought to
  10. Shall
  11. Should
  12. Ought to
  13. Could
  14. Must
  15. Will

Exercise 2 – Identify the modal verb in the following sentences

  1. My teacher (can/must) speak four languages.
  2. (May/should) I use your mobile to call my mother?
  3. You (must/could) not speak loudly in the hospital.
  4. I (could/must) use a little help in packing all these clothes.
  5. Madam (could/may) you repeat what you said?
  6. I (can/might) not be able to make it tonight.
  7. Sheldon (ought to/must) study more if he wants to pass the test.
  8. (Can/May) you come to the prom with me?
  9. My parents (shall/ought to) arrive soon.
  10. I (could/must) be late as I have a lot on my plate.
  11. Leonard (can/may) easily solve the problem.
  12. It (might/should) rain tomorrow.
  13. (May/might) all your wishes come true in life.
  14. I (could/might) not be any happier.

Answers for Exercise 2

  1. Can
  2. May
  3. Must
  4. Could
  5. Could
  6. Might
  7. Must
  8. Can
  9. Shall
  10. Could
  11. Can
  12. Might
  13. May
  14. Could

Frequently Asked Questions


What are modals?

Verbs that are generally used before main verbs to express permission/necessity/certainty/ability etc.


Are ‘could’ and ‘might’ same as ‘can’ and ‘may’?

The modals ‘could’ and ‘might’ can be considered as the past equivalents/forms of the modals ‘can’ and ‘may’. It’s also used as a less positive version of ‘can’ and ‘may’.


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