Lal Bahadur Shastri Speech

Many educational institutions often ask their students to talk about one of the eminent personalities, especially during Independence Day or Republic Day. Speech on Lal Bahadur Shastri is a common topic among all. This article on Lal Bahadur Shastri Speech will include some of the important facts that are essential key points on Lal Bahadur Shastri. The following key points will be discussed in the article:

Early Years of Lal Bahadur Shastri

Lal Bahadur Shastri, who was the former Prime Minister of India, was born in the year 1904 2nd October. He was born to Ramdulari Devi and Sharada Prasad Srivastava. He was the second child and the only son among the two other children. Shastriji’s father died from the bubonic plague when he was one year old.

His mother, who was expecting her third child, took Lal Bahadur Shastri and his elder sister, Kailashi Devi, to their grandparents’ house in Mughalsarai, where Shastriji was born.

At the age of four, Shastriji started his education at East Central Railway Inter college in Mughalsarai under the mentorship of Budan Mian and studied there till Class 6. Later, when the family moved to Varanasi, Lal Bahadur Shastri got admission to Harish Chandra High School in the seventh standard. It was around this time that Shastriji stopped using his surname Srivastava as it was caste derived.

Impact of Gandhi’s Teachings on Lal Bahadur Shastri

Though Lal Bahadur Shastri’s family had no connection with politics, yet Mahatma Gandhi’s ideologies and sense of patriotism played a massive role in shaping Shastriji’s political ideology. While studying in Harish Chandra High School, Shastriji came across Nishkameshwar Prasad Mishra, who was not only a teacher but an immensely patriotic person. Mr Mishra had helped Shastriji when they were facing a financial crisis. His respected teacher’s patriotism pushed Lal Bahadur Shastri to take an interest in politics.

While knowing and studying politics, the struggles and ideologies of Mahatma Gandhi, Swami Vivekananda, and Anne Besant inspired Lal Bahadur Shastri. In January 1921, when Shastriji was in standard 10, he got the opportunity to attend a meeting hosted by Madan Mohan Malaviya and Mahatma Gandhi in Benaras. The meeting was a call for students to join the Non-Cooperation Movement and drop out of the government school; inspired by this speech, Lal Bahadur Shastri dropped out of school and soon joined as a volunteer in the local branch of the Congress Party. He was arrested by the police for participating in anti-government procession and picketing but later released due to being a minor. Such was the impact of Gandhi’s ideologies on Lal Bahadur Shastri!

During Shastriji’s volunteer work at the local branch of the Congress Party, Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani (J.B. Kripalani) was his supervisor. Later, when J.B Kripalani, along with V.N Sharma and Shiv Prasad Gupta, founded a school Kashi Vidyapith, which was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi himself for the young nationalists, Lal Bahadur Shastri was one among the first few students of this school.

Later in 1925, Shastriji graduated with first class in ethics and philosophy. This was when the institution awarded him the title ‘Shastri’ (which means scholar) that he added as a part of his surname for the rest of his life. After graduation, Shastriji joined an organisation founded by Lala Lajpat Rai known as Servants of the People Society and later became the president of the organisation.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s Career in Politics

Almost every student is well aware that Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India. So this point is included in nearly all speeches on Lal Bahadur Shastri. But before becoming the Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri served both as State Minister and Cabinet Minister.

He served as Minister of Police and Transport and introduced changes like the appointment of the first women bus conductors and the use of water jets by the police instead of lathis. It was during this period that, as Police Minister, he was successful in suppressing communal riots of 1947 and solved issues on resettling refugees and mass migration.

Shastriji was appointed as the General Secretary (GS) of AICC (All India Congress Committee) in the year 1951.

Impressed by this dedication and contribution towards the party and winning the elections, Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of independent India, decided to make Lal Bahadur Shastri cabinet minister. On 13th May 1952, Shastriji was made the Minister of Railways in the first cabinet of independent India. Later on, in 1959, he became the Minister of Commerce and Industry and in 1961 Minister of Home Affairs.

Lal Bahadur Shastri’s Works During His Reign as Prime Minister of India

After the death of the first Prime Minister of independent India, Jawaharlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri ascended him as the Prime Minister. During his reign as the Prime Minister, he promoted the White Revolution as well as the Green Revolution and made it successful. On the other hand, the protests and demonstrations against making Hindi the national language of India were successfully controlled by Lal Bahadur Shastri, with the assurance that English will continue to be the official language of India for non-Hindi speaking people and states.

It was also during his reign as the Prime Minister that India was attacked by Pakistan in the year 1965. On the one hand, when the Indian army was busy defending India, there was an acute shortage of food grains across the country. To boost the morale of both soldiers as well as farmers, Shastriji addressed a public gathering in Delhi Lal Maidan where he gave out the famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan! Jai Kisan!’. This particular slogan reverberated far and wide the country and helped in pushing the country towards the Green Revolution. The Indo-Pak war ended in the year 1965 on 23rd September with a UN-mandated ceasefire.

While being the Prime Minister, Lal Bahadur Shastri visited a number of places, including England, Nepal, Canada, the Soviet Union, Burma and other countries.

Death of Lal Bahadur Shastri

Unlike other eminent personalities, Lal Bahadur Shastri’s demise is still open to a lot of controversies. However, reports reveal that on 11th January 1966, after signing the peace treaty to bring the 1965 Indo-Pak war to an end, Shastriji died in his sleep at night. But many of his ardent followers, including his family members, declined to believe that he passed away in sleep rather than put forth the idea that he might have been poisoned. Since there was no postmortem done after his death, the reasons for his demise still remain unclear even today. Though whatever be the reasons, India lost a great, devoted and brave man on 11th January 1966. He was indeed the great son of Mother India, whom we all look up to even today!

This speech on Lal Bahadur Shastri will prove to be one of the beneficial speech topics for students who want help in composing a speech about the second Prime Minister of India. Students can look for more materials and information on the English Language at BYJU’S website.


Frequently Asked Questions on Lal Bahadur Shastri Speech

Who was Lal Bahadur Shastri?

Shastriji was the second Prime Minister of independent India after the demise of Jawaharlal Nehru.

When and where was he born?

Shastriji was born in the year 1904 on 2nd October at his maternal grandparents’ house in Mughalsarai.

What was the famous slogan given by Lal Bahadur Shastri?

‘Jai Jawan! Jai Kisan!’ was the famous slogan given by Lal Bahadur Shastri.

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