The measure of rotation of a ray, when it is rotated about its end point is known as the angle formed by the ray between its initial and final position.

## Adjacent Angles

Consider a wall clock as shown in the following fig. 1. The minute hand and second hand of clock form one angle represented as âˆ AOC and the hour hand forms another angle with the second hand represented asâˆ COB. Both these pair of angles i.e.âˆ AOC and âˆ COB lies next to each other and are known as adjacent angles.

âˆ AOC and âˆ COB have a common vertex, a common arm and the uncommon arms lie on either side of the common arms. Such angles are known as

**adjacent angles**.

Here are some examples of Adjacent angles:

### Linear Pair

Pair of adjacent angles whose measures add up to form a straight angle is known as a linear pair. The angles in a linear pair are supplementary.

Consider the following figure in which a rayÂ \(\overrightarrow{OP}\)

The angles âˆ POB and âˆ POA are formed at O. âˆ POB and âˆ POA are adjacent angles and they are supplementary i.e. âˆ POB + âˆ POA = âˆ AOB = 180Â°

âˆ POB and âˆ POA are adjacent to each other and when the sum of adjacent angles is 180Â° then such angles form linear pair of angles.

### Vertically Opposite Angles

When a pair of lines intersects, as shown in the fig. below, four angles are formed. âˆ AOD and âˆ COB are vertically opposite to each other and âˆ AOC and âˆ BOD are vertically opposite to each other. These angles are also known as vertical angles or opposite angles.

Thus, when two lines intersect, two pair of vertically opposite angles are formed i.e. âˆ AOD, âˆ COB and âˆ AOC, âˆ BOD.

According to vertical angle theorem, in a pair of intersecting lines the vertically opposite angles are equal.

To understand this theorem in detail and to learn more about angles and other concepts please download BYJUâ€™S-The Learning App. Happy Learning!!!

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