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Yes. We are lucky to have plants reproduce sexually.
As we are aware, plants are the primary source of food for both humans and animals. Without plants, we cannot even imagine the existence of life on planet earth.
Sexual reproduction in plants
All flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, are the most diverse group of plants. Flowers are known as the reproductive part of the plant, as it comprises the reproductive organs. There are two types of flowers.
Unisexual flowers – These flowers possess either male or female reproductive organs in a single flower. For example, White mulberry, Birch, Pine, Coconut flowers, Papaya, etc.
Bisexual flowers – These flowers possess both male and female reproductive organs in the same flower. For example, Rose, Sunflower, Tulip, Hibiscus, Lily, etc.
Also Read: Types of Pollination
Stages of sexual reproduction
In all flowering plants, reproduction is carried out in three stages:
- Pollination – A preliminary stage, which involves the transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma through pollinating agents, including wind, water, birds, insects, butterflies, bats, and other animals. There are two types of pollination: self and cross-pollination.
- Zygote formation – In this stage, a zygote is formed by the fusion of male and female gametes. This process is known as fertilization.
- Fruit and Seed formation – In this stage, the formed zygote develops into an embryo, the ovary develops into fruit and the ovules into seeds.
Also Read: Fertilization in Plants
This was a brief introduction to sexual reproduction in plants. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about the Plants, their parts and different modes of reproduction in plants.
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