To succeed in getting the best yield from agriculture, it demands proper and sustainable agricultural practices. By employing the right agricultural practice we aim to improve the yield of crops. For improving the yield, we need – to improve the variety of crops, its production management, and protection management. Here we will be discussing crop protection management.
Apart from crops, agricultural fields would have weeds, small animals like rats, mites, insects, pests, disease-causing pathogens and frequently raided by birds. These pests, weeds, microorganisms cause damage and spoil the crops. Thus to yield high crop production, we need to protect the crop from these pests. Hence crop protection management is important before, during and after the cultivation.
Crop protection before and during the cultivation
Weeds are unwanted plants growing along with the crops. They steal the nutrients provided for crops and affects the growth of the crops. Few examples are Cyperinus rotundus (motha), Bermuda grass etc. The weeds could be controlled by weedicides and also could be uprooted using machines without affecting the main crop. Other factors, which affect the crop is pests and rodents. They could ruin the whole crop and eat up the large portion of grains. Pathogenic diseases are another type of crop-damaging factors. Microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses affect different parts of the crop through various means. Crops could be protected from these pests and diseases by using pesticides and bio control agents. These are crop protection management, which should be followed before and during the cultivation.
Crop protection after the cultivation
The cultivated grains must be stored safely to avoid product loss. Chances of grain loss are much higher during this time than before cultivation. Therefore, methods of protection need to be better. Common pests and rodents and some environmental conditions like humidity and temperature are the responsible factors for the loss. Certain precautions help us to prevent from this loss. Before storing the grains, it should be cleaned and dried completely in sunlight as it helps in protecting the crops from fungal growth, which is caused by the presence of moisture. Pests could also be killed by a method called fumigation.
An outline on crop protection management has been discussed above. For more explanation on crop production and protection, visit Byju’s.