A fever is a temporary increase in the body temperature, often due to an illness. Having a fever is a sign that our body cells are fighting and eliminating a number of infections from our body.
The word fever usually describes a body temperature that is higher than normal and can affect both children and adults. For an adult, a fever may be uncomfortable, but not serious unless it reaches 103° F (39.4° C) or higher. For infants and toddlers, a slightly elevated body temperature may indicate a serious infection.
Fever can be caused by a wide variety of diseases. As mentioned earlier, infections are the primary cause for the rise in the body temperature. There are various types of infections caused by the pathogens including the common cold, Pneumonia, tuberculosis, etc.
Fever can be caused due to:
- infections such as throat, flu, pneumonia,etc.
- rheumatoid arthritis
- over exposure to sunlight
- alcohol withdrawal
Sign and Symptoms of Fever
The most common symptoms of fever include:
- Sore eyes
- Flushed skin
- Loss of appetite
- Warm forehead
- Excessive sleepiness
- Difficulty in swallowing
- A general feeling of weakness
- Greater irritability than usual in infants or young children.
These were a few common symptoms of fever. There are other symptoms which vary with the causes, duration of fever and the variation in the body temperature. There are different types of treatment available for fever which usually varies with the symptoms. If the fever is mild or less than 101 degree, or caused by infections, then the doctor may prescribe medicines including, Paracetamol and antibiotics, along with few healthy diets to prevent dehydration.
Fever can be treated by taking drugs such as aspirin and ibuprofen. If the fever is due to a bacterial infection, an antibiotic may be given to treat the patient. In case of viral infections, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be used. A lot of fluid intake prevents the condition to get worsened.
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