The term menopause is commonly used to describe the end of a woman’s menstrual cycle, fertility and the different types of changes a woman experiences. During the menopause, the menstrual cycle, fertility and the production of oestrogen and progesterone hormones are completely stopped. This is a natural process in all females and no more related to the disease or infections. It is a biological process which brings an end to a woman’s fertility.
Menopause happens in all elder women, between the age of 40s and 50s and may also vary. The main cause for the Menopause is the female sex hormone levels, which naturally reduces along with the age and eventually ovaries stop releasing the eggs. Therefore, women in this phase will no longer have periods or be able to get pregnant.
Symptoms of Menopause
Women experience very mild symptoms and usually varies with the level of oestrogen hormones in their body. Listed below are the most common symptoms or changes that women undergo during menopause:
- Hot flashes.
- Night Sweats.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- Lower rate of fertility.
- Urinary tract infections.
- Overweight and obesity.
- Low or poor concentration.
- Hair loss or thinning of hairs.
- Depression and mood swings.
- The build-up of fat in the abdomen.
- Dryness, itching, and discomfort of the vagina.
- Irregular periods or changes in the menstrual cycle.
These were a few common symptoms related to the menopause. There is no need for treatment, as the symptoms usually taper off over a period of 2 to 5 years or more. In very rare cases, menopause can lead to the development of complications, including cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, a low bone density which leads to osteoporosis, etc.
Menopause begins four years before the last menstrual cycle. Perimenopause occurs before the menopause. This is the condition when the body prepares itself for menopause by hormonal changes. 1% of women experience perimenopause before 40 years of age. Few do not experience perimenopause and enter menopause directly.
Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn in detail about menopause, and its symptoms.