RBSE Solutions For Class 10 Social Science Chapter 7: The State Government | Textbook Important Questions & Answers

RBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter 7 solutions are available here. These solutions are essential study materials for students who find obstacles in solving textbook questions. All the questions are accurately solved to help students while preparing for their exam. These RBSE Class 10 solutions of Social Science are designed according to the students’ understanding capacity so that they can score well in their exam. These solutions teach students the correct methodology of answering a particular question.

RBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter 7 Very Short Answer Type Questions

Q1. For how long will the number of members in Legislative Assembly remain unchanged, despite the increase in population?

Answer: According to article 170 of the Constitution, the maximum and minimum number of any Legislative Assembly will be 500 and 60, respectively. Each state is divided into geographical constituencies for the election in such a way that each member of the Legislative Assembly represents at least 75000 people.

Q2. How many members of the Legislative Council are nominated by the Governor?

Answer: The Governor nominates 1/6th of the total numbers of the Legislative Council.

Q3. List the designations of office bearers in Legislative Assembly and Council.

Answer: The designations are Speaker and Deputy Speaker in Legislative Assembly and Council.

Q4. Which house of Legislature does not hold the power to pass a motion of no confidence against the Council of Ministers in states?

Answer: The Legislative Council does not hold the power to pass a motion of no confidence against the Council of Ministers in states.

Q5. How many members of Legislative Council are elected by the electoral college of teachers?

Answer: 1/12th of total members of Legislative Council are elected by the electoral college of teachers.

RBSE Class 10 Social Science Chapter 7 Short Answer Type Questions: Textbook Important Questions and Solutions

Q6. Mention three such conditions due to which the membership of the Legislative Assembly gets ended.

Answer: In the following conditions, the membership of the legislature gets terminated:

  • If a person gets elected for both the houses of legislature, he has to resign from one house. Similarly, no one can become a member of state legislature and the Parliament together.
  • If any member remains absent without the permission of the house for 60 days continuously from the respective house.
  • If he has lost the required eligibility for the concerned house after getting the membership or later creates any stipulated ineligibility.

Q7. Explain briefly the functions of the Speaker of an assembly.

Answer: The powers and functions of the speaker are as follows-

  • He presides over the sittings of Legislature.
  • Maintaining peace and order in the house is a major responsibility of speaker and he holds every right to take all necessary steps for this purpose.
  • Only by his command any member of the house give a speech in the house.
  • He can order to remove all the non Parliamentary or rude words from the proceedings of the house.
  • He can determine the order of proceeding in the house on the advice of the leader of the house.
  • He accepts/does not accept the questions when they are anomalous.
  • He makes the declaration of results after the voting.
  • In normal circumstances, he does not participate in the voting in house but if there is a situation of equal votes in pros and cons on an issue, he uses the casting vote.
  • Whether a bill is money bill or not, is decided by the speaker only.
  • He gives decision on the petitions of defection.
  • In the absence of the Speaker the Deputy Speaker carries out all his functions.

Q8. Which method has to be adopted in case of the establishment of Legislative Council in Rajasthan?

Answer: There is only a single house of legislature at present in Rajasthan which is known as Vidhan Sabha. The proposal for the formation of the Legislative Council has been passed and sent to Central Government for its permission and approval. At present the proposal is pending at the centre. So there is no second house of legislature in Rajasthan. The process of formation of the second house would be started after the approval from the Central Government.

Q9. Which qualifications are needed for the post of Governor? Mention the discretionary powers of Governor.

Answer: Two qualifications are necessary for the appointment of Governor.

  • He should be a citizen ofIndia.
  • He must be over 35 years of age.

The discretionary powers of Governor are as follows.

  • Selection of Chief Minister in special circumstances
  • To overthrow the Council of Ministers.
  • To convene the session of Legislative Assembly.
  • Dissolution of Legislative Assembly.
  • Receiving information from Chief Minister.
  • Reporting to The President about Constitutional status of the state.
  • Sending a Bill passed by state Legislative Assembly for the President’s approval.
  • Not accepting a Bill passed by the state legislature, and to return it for reconsideration.
  • Seeking guidance of The President before issuing an ordinance.

Q10. How is the Council of Ministers formed in a state?

Answer: The appointment of Chief Minister is the first step towards the formation of the Council of Ministers of a state. According to the article 164, the Governor will appoint a Chief Minister and then other ministers will be appointed on the advice of Chief Minister. The Governor appoints the leader of the majority party as Chief Minister in the state Legislative Assembly.

The Chief Minister forms the Council of Ministers. In the cabinet, names of ministers are decided only by the Chief Minister. The size of the cabinet has been limited up to 15% of the number of members of the Legislative Assembly by the 91st Amendment of the Constitution.

Following facts are kept in mind by the Chief Minister while selecting the ministers.

  • In a consistent manner, all regions and sections of society in the state have got representation in the cabinet.
  • Generally the Chief Minister selects the cabinet from his own party members, so that the Council of Ministers can act as a single unit.

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