Difference Between Epidemic and Pandemic

Difference Between Epidemic and Pandemic

Both epidemics and pandemics are words that are used to describe the widespread of diseases. Epidemics are outbreaks of diseases that affect many people and begin to spread rapidly. A pandemic is a larger version of an epidemic. If an epidemic covers many countries spreading through continents, it is likely to be a pandemic. Let us look at the differences between epidemic and pandemic given in a tabular column below to understand both these terms in-depth.

Epidemic vs Pandemic

Epidemic Pandemic
An epidemic is an outbreak of disease that affects many in a population and begins to spread rapidly. Pandemic is a larger epidemic. A pandemic covers several countries or spreads from one continent to another.
An outbreak of disease is considered an epidemic if it affects a certain number of people within a short period of time, typically within 2 weeks. In pandemic outbreaks, the number of people affected or killed doesn’t matter as much as the rate of spread and how far it has spread.
One of the few examples of epidemic diseases is the West African Ebola A few examples of pandemic diseases are HIV AIDS, Asian Influenza and Cholera

Simply put, when an epidemic goes out of control, it is known as a pandemic. To learn more differences like the difference between blood and lymph, Visit BYJU’S.


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Secondary sewage treatment in a sewage treatment plant is mainly a    ______________ process.