Difference Between Measles and Rubella

Measles and Rubella are two different viral diseases. Generally, Rubella causes milder infections than measles but can cause serious birth defects if infection occurs during pregnancy. It is important to note that Rubella is not the same as measles. Though both diseases share the same characteristics, including the red rash, they are distinct. These are caused by single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to different families.

Find below the difference between Measles and Rubella.

Measles vs Rubella

Measles Rubella
It is highly contagious It is not as contagious as measles
Symptoms can last up to ten days Symptoms can last up to five days
Presence of the prodromal stage Absence of the prodromal stage
The period of incubation is 1 to 2 weeks The period of incubation is 2 to 3 weeks
It is also known as Rubeola It is also known as German measles
The measles virus belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family The rubella virus belongs to the Togaviridae family
The rashes are red and flat. White spots called Koplik’s spots might form inside the mouth. Rashes in rubella are fine pink and less intense. Swollen lymph nodes are common.

Single-stranded RNA viruses cause both Measles and Rubella. They generally spread through respiratory droplets of infected people. Although both have similar symptoms, the rashes in both diseases are slightly different. MMR vaccine is used for the prevention of both diseases.

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  1. it is very educative
    Please indicate where the rashes are found in Measles and that of Rubella