Speech on World Population Day

World Population Day is celebrated on July 11. Do you want to know more about the topic? The following article will help you to gather enough information regarding the topic. Collect maximum points about World Population Day, develop an idea, and prepare a speech for sharing.

Table of Contents

Why is the World Celebrating World Population Day?

World Population Day is celebrated annually on July 11. The primary purpose of the celebration is to focus on the people living all over the world and to let them know about the importance of population issues. Most individuals do not even know a particular day exists for celebrating World Population Day. The ultimate aim of this celebration is to highlight the difficulties created by overpopulation. It causes severe troubles to the ecosystem and to the progress of humanity. It is mandatory to raise awareness about the harm caused by overpopulation.

Five Amazing Facts about World Population

  • World population hit 1 billion in 1800
  • Every year, the world population is increasing by 83 million.
  • The total population of Africa is increasing rapidly, while the population of Europe is shrinking.
  • Global life expectancy is increasing every year. In 2000, the average life expectancy was 67 years. After 20 years, it has increased to 72.
  • Millennials (individuals born between 1981 and 1996) make up 27% of the world’s total population; nearly 2 billion people are part of this generation.

Top Ten Countries with Largest Population

  1. China
  2. India
  3. United States
  4. Indonesia
  5. Pakistan
  6. Brazil
  7. Nigeria
  8. Bangladesh
  9. Russia
  10. Mexico

Sample Speech on World Population Day

A few samples of speeches on World Population Day are given below. Look through and utilise the speeches for your better understanding.

History of World Population Day

In 1989, the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) established World Population Day. People around the world celebrate World Population Day, July 11, as a holiday. The inspiration for setting this day as a holiday was the public interest in the celebration of ‘Five Billion Day’. Five Billion Day is the date on which the world’s population reached an estimated 5 billion. Then by realising the importance of awareness about the population issues in the society, in December 1990, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) decided to continue observing World Population Day every year. And now, the population of the world has reached nearly 7.9 billion. See how rapidly the population of the world is increasing.

World Population Day and an Awareness on Population Explosion

Have you ever heard the term Population Explosion? Why is it necessary to know about population explosion on world population day? Population Explosion can be defined as the sudden increase in the total number of people in the world, putting greater pressure on the resources of the world. Many developing nations like India are experiencing this threat caused by the rapid population growth, and overpopulation has become a serious matter of concern. An increase in the total population of a nation affects the overall condition of a nation in multiple ways. So it is essential to raise awareness among the people about the population explosion on world population day.

What causes population explosion? Increase in birth rate is one of the major reasons.The birth rate or natality rate is the total number of individuals born in a particular population in a given amount of time. A high birth rate is one of the major reasons responsible for the growth of the total population in a nation.

Decrease in death rate is the second main reason. Death rate or mortality rate is the total number of individual deaths happening in a particular population in a given amount of time. Progress in medical technologies has highly favoured decreasing the nation’s death rate. The number of people dying because of the lack of medical support is very low. As a result of these advancements, even the infant mortality rate has marked a huge decline.

Early marriage is another reason for the rapid increase in population. In many countries like India, girls are forced into marriages at an early age by their families. People of these nations consider 18 as the right age for stepping into marital life. As a result, girl children are not even provided with proper education. Early marriage leads to a longer span of reproductive activity, and it increases the total population of the nation.

Nearly 60% of the population residing in India are illiterate. People blindly follow religious practices and other stereotypical norms. Most of them consider male children as the breadwinners of the family. So by wanting for more male children in the family, they increase the total number of children. And for many people, marriage is a compulsory social institution in which everyone should participate. It is very crucial to eradicate all such notions from the minds of the people for controlling overpopulation.

Poverty and low standard of living is another reason for the increase of population. The number of poor people living in this world is many times higher than the rich ones. People with a low standard of living wish to have additional children. They don’t even know about the importance of family planning, and many families consider children as a source of income. So in order to get additional earnings, a family forces children to engage in work to earn for the family. All these factors contribute to this menace which is threatening to exhaust the resources of the earth, pushing humanity to the brink of self-annihilation. Unless timely measures are taken, the world population will increase to a point beyond which mother nature can no longer support life on earth.

Frequently Asked Questions on World Population Day

When and why is World Population Day celebrated?

World Population Day is celebrated annually on July 11. The main purpose of the celebration is to bring the issue of population explosion to the focus of the people living all over the world and to let them know about the importance of bringing down population.

Which are the ten countries with the largest population?

The top ten countries with the largest population in the world are China, India, the United States, Indonesia, Pakistan, Brazil, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Russia and Mexico.

Why is it necessary to talk about population explosion on world population day and what causes population explosion?

People are still unaware of the consequences of population growth in our world. They have to be taught about it, so we should conduct mass campaigns on population explosion on world population day. Some of the main reasons for the population explosion are listed below.

  1. Increase in Birth Rate
  2. Decrease in Death Rate
  3. Early marriage.
  4. Illiteracy.
  5. Poverty and low standard of living.

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