Vegetable Names - Explore the List of 30+ Names in English

Are you a new learner of English, or do you have a young English language learner at home? If you are looking to build your vocabulary, here is what you can do. When learning any new language, the process begins with studying words that are common and relatable to your daily life. The names of fruits, vegetables, animals, birds and things come under this category.

It is often seen that when it comes to vegetables, most of us know the names of very few vegetables. Check out this article to learn as many vegetable names as possible and also know more about a few of them.

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Names of Vegetables in English

As students or new language learners, we are mostly taught the names of very few common vegetables that are seen in and around the places we live. Not many take an extra effort or interest to explore the number of vegetables available all across the world. It can be an interesting and easy learning process. So, why wait? Check out all the names of the vegetables produced not just in your locality but around the world.
Vegetables Names

List of 30+ Vegetable Names

Here is a comprehensive list of vegetable names that you can refer to. See how many names you know.

Vegetable Names List
Ash gourd Broccoli Cucumber Celery
Bitter gourd Elephant yam Carrot Spring onion
Potato Capsicum Turnip Brinjal
Cluster beans Green peas Ginger Apple gourd
Onion Cauliflower Beetroot Ridge gourd
Garlic Cabbage Chow chow Mushroom
Lady’s finger Snake gourd Ivy gourd/Scarlet gourd Spinach
Beans Lab lab Green papaya Corn
Pumpkin Bottle gourd Snake beans/Yard long beans Drumstick
White pumpkin Radish Field beans/Broad beans Zucchini

Different Types of Vegetables

Vegetables are mainly divided into cruciferous vegetables, leafy green vegetables, marrow vegetables, root vegetables, stem vegetables and the allium family of vegetables. Vegetables can also be classified into various types based on the part of the plant that is edible or used for culinary purposes. The different types of vegetables, according to this classification, are listed below.

  • Flower vegetables
  • Leafy vegetables
  • Root vegetables
  • Tuber vegetables
  • Fruit vegetables
  • Bulb vegetables
  • Stem vegetables

List of Flower Vegetable Names

Given below is a list of flower vegetables for your reference. Check them out.

  • Cauliflower
  • Broccoli
  • Artichoke
  • Banana flower
  • Romanesco broccoli
  • Zucchini flowers

List of Leafy Vegetable Names

Here is a list of edible leafy vegetables. Go through them.

Leafy Vegetables

  • Cabbage
  • Arugula
  • Spinach
  • Celery
  • Lettuce
  • Coriander leaves
  • Mint
  • Spring onion
  • Bok choy
  • Romaine lettuce
  • Rapini
  • Mustard greens
  • Kale

List of Root Vegetable Names

Check out the list of root vegetable names given below.

Root Vegetables

  • Beetroot
  • Carrot
  • Turnip
  • Radish
  • White radish
  • Celeriac
  • Rutabaga/Swede
  • Sugar beet
  • Parsnip
  • Horseradish

List of Tuber Vegetable Names

Learn the names of various tuber vegetables from the list given below.

Tuber Vegetables

  • Potato
  • Tapioca
  • Arracacia
  • Elephant yam
  • Ginger
  • Greater yam
  • Turmeric
  • Purple yam
  • Chinese potato
  • Arrowroot

List of Fruit Vegetable Names

Check out the following list of fruit vegetable names.

Fruit Vegetables

  • Cucumber
  • Pumpkin
  • Tomato
  • Peppers
  • Eggplant
  • String beans
  • Green peas
  • Corn
  • Lady’s finger
  • Beans
  • Chickpeas

List of Bulb Vegetable Names

Another category of vegetables is bulb vegetables. Check out the following list to know which vegetable comes under this category.

Bulb Vegetables

  • Onion
  • Garlic
  • Leek
  • Fennel
  • Spring onions

List of Stem Vegetable Names

Given below is a list of stem vegetable names for your reference. Check them out.

Stem Vegetables

  • Asparagus
  • Lemon grass
  • Celery
  • Kohlrabi
  • Celtuce
  • Rhubarb
  • Swiss chard
  • Cardoon

Explore More about Some Common Vegetables

Name of the Vegetable
About It
Asparagus Asparagus is a plant whose young green shoots are a good source of fibre and vitamins A, K and C.
Beetroot Beetroot is a red vegetable and is the taproot portion of the beet plant. It can be used in salads or in juices.
Bitter Gourd Bitter gourd, as the name suggests, is a vegetable that tastes quite bitter. It is widely grown in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean areas.
Brussels Sprouts Brussels Sprouts belong to the family of cabbage and are green edible buds. They are high in fibre and antioxidants.
Broccoli Broccoli belongs to the family of cabbage and is an edible flowering plant. It is very low in calories and hence a good choice for those on diets.
Carrot Carrots are orange-coloured root vegetables that are commonly consumed all across the world. They are also a good source of vitamin A.
Cauliflower Cauliflower is a cruciferous vegetable, and the head of the vegetable is consumed. It is a rich source of vitamin B and fibre.
Cabbage Cabbage is a leafy green vegetable that has many layers and is grown annually around the world. This vegetable helps to keep bad cholesterol under control.
Celery Celery is a vegetable grown in marshlands. It is green in colour and has a fibrous stalk, and is a rich source of antioxidants.
Drumsticks Drumsticks are pod vegetables and are commonly found in India. It is one of those vegetables that can be consumed whole as well as its seeds, leaves and stems. They are rich in antioxidants.

Frequently Asked Questions on the Vegetable Names in English


Is learning the names of vegetables important for students?

Yes, it’s important to learn about various vegetables for students who want to enhance their vocabulary and acquaint themselves with the different types of vegetables that exist in the world.


What are leafy vegetables?

Leafy vegetables are those in which the leaves are edible. Some examples of leafy vegetables are as follows:

  • Cabbage
  • Arugula
  • Spinach
  • Celery
  • Lettuce
  • Coriander leaves
  • Mint