Marine Biology

Marine Biology is the study of marine or aquatic animals, about their activities, life cycle, their interactions with the environment, and different facts related to the marine aquatic ecosystem along with its habitats.

Charles Darwin is best known for his theory of evolution, and James Cook is known as the father of modern marine biology. During the 18th Century, he performed several significant research to advance the study of marine biology, which also encouraged other scientists in their inventions.

Important Topics in Marine Biology

What is Marine Biology?

Marine biology is the scientific study of the marine ecosystem, including different types of oceans, tidal zones, saltwater swamps, mangroves, rivers, streams, etc. along their features, depth of the ocean beds, different types of marine life, which mainly involves a vast number of species, from the microscopic phytoplankton and zooplankton to massive organisms like aquatic plants, different types of fish, whales, and sharks that lives, survives, and exists, under the surface of the ocean. Overall, Marine biology also includes the study of the inter-relationship between marine life, ecology, and the environment.

The study of Marine biology shows a wide variety of adaptations which involves the physiological, structural, behavioural adaptations and life cycle of marine habitats. According to the taxonomy records, marine habitats are older than the terrestrial habitats, as life originated in the oceans was about 3.1 billion to 3.4 billion years ago.

Explore more about Marine biology, its application and other related topics @ BYJU’S Biology