The Decomposition Reactions involve the dissociation of a chemical entity into its constituting elements or compounds. This reaction may take place by the action of heat, light, some enzymatic activity or the chemical reaction.
Definition: The reaction in which more than one product is formed from a single reactant is called Decomposition reaction.
Decomposition Reactions Chemistry Questions with Solutions
Q1: The molar ratio of the liberation of hydrogen and oxygen during their decomposition via electrolysis is:
Explanation: During electrolysis, decomposition of water takes place and the reaction accompanied is:
Hence, 2 moles of hydrogen and 1 mole of oxygen are formed.
Q2. A student heats white lead nitrate [Pb(NO3)2] powder taken in a test tube over the flame. Upon heating, the powder colour changes to yellow along with the emission of some brown fumes. What is the expected product of this decomposition reaction?
- PbO, NO2 and O2
- PbO, NO2 and NO3
- Pb2+ and 2NO32-
- Pb, N2 and O2
Explanation: Upon heating, lead nitrate decomposes to PbO (yellow solid), NO2 gas (brown fumes) and O2 gas (colourless).
Q3. What are the products of decomposition when AgCl is exposed to light?
- Ag2O (s) + Cl2 (g)
- Ag2O (s) + 2Cl (g)
- 2Ag (s) + Cl2 (g)
- Ag (s) + Cl (g)
Explanation: Upon the exposure to light, AgCl decomposes to elemental Ag and Cl2
Q4. FeSO4 (green) upon heating decomposes to a brown solid along with some gaseous emissions. What are the products of the reaction?
- Fe2+ + SO42-
- Fe (s) + S (s) + 2O2 (g)
- FeO (s) + SO3 (g)
- Fe2O3 (s) + SO2 (g) + SO3 (g)
Explanation: The complete reaction is:
Q5. Name some techniques of analysis in which the decomposition reactions have been deployed.
Answer: The decomposition reactions are used in Mass spectroscopy, gravimetric analysis and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA).
Q6. Give one example of a decomposition reaction that has been utilised in automobiles safety solutions.
Answer: Sodium azide [(NAN3)2] gas is used to power the airbags installed in the automobiles to prevent harmful accidental injuries. The [(NAN3)2] breaks down explosively forming Na and N2. This happens as and when an electric charge triggered by the automobile impact ignites a sodium azide pellet in the polyamide bag. The equation for this chemical reaction is given hereunder.
2NaN3 (s) → 2Na (s) + 3N2 (g)
Q7. The thermal decomposition of a metal carbonate produces a metallic oxide and carbon dioxide gas.
How would you test the evolution of carbon dioxide gas from the beaker?
Answer: The evolution of carbon dioxide gas can be detected by passing the evolved gas from the limewater solution. If the evolved gas is carbon dioxide, the clear lime water solution will turn milky due to the formation of solid calcium carbonate.
Ca(OH)2 (aq) + CO2 (g) → CaCO3 (s) + H2O (l)
Q8. Give 3 examples of decomposition reactions.–
Answer: The three examples of decomposition reactions are:
- Decomposition of metal oxides and metal chlorides to extract metals by using electrolytic decomposition.
- Electrolysis of water to form hydrogen and oxygen.
- Formation of silver and bromine by the decomposition of AgBr in the presence of sunlight.
Q9. Must the decomposition reaction be endothermic or exothermic?
Answer: During decomposition, the bonds in between the atoms of the compound breaks. The breaking of bonds requires energy. The bonds absorb energy from heat or light to undergo fission. Hence, the decompositions reactions must be endothermic reactions.
Q10. Give an example of a decomposition reaction happening around us in our day-to-day life.
Answer: An example of this is when we open a soft drink bottle and some bubbles come up as the carbon dioxide gas fizzes out. This happens due to the decomposition of carbonic acid present within the soft drink. As soon as the soft drink bottle is opened, the carbonic acid decomposes to form water and carbon dioxide gas.
Q11. What is autolysis?
Answer: It is the breakdown of either all or some part of cells or tissues by the action of the cell’s own enzymes. The product of this decomposition involves water and some gases.
Q12. Calculate the unit of rate for the given reaction:
CH3OCH3 → CH4 + H2 + CO
Given Rate = k[pCH3OCH3]3/2 and all the units of pressure and time are to be calculated in bar and minutes respectively.
Answer: From the given rate expression: Rate = Pressure change / Time change
Hence, the unit of rate is bar min-1.
Q13. Give any 5 uses of Decomposition reactions.
Answer: The 5 uses of Decomposition reactions are:
- Thermite Welding
- Production of CaO
- In extraction of metals from their ores
- In the generation of photographic films
- To curb from indigestion
Q14. What are the different types of Decomposition Reactions?
Answer: There are 3 different kinds of Decomposition reactions namely:
- Thermal decomposition reactions
- Electrolytic decomposition reactions
- Photolytic decomposition reactions
Q15. Predict the product if the following compounds undergo Decomposition reactions.
- Ni(ClO3)2 →
- H2CO3 →
Answer: The decomposition products of the given compounds are:
- Nickel chlorate upon decomposition would form nickel chloride and oxygen.
Ni(ClO3)2 → NiCl2 + 3O2
- Carbonic acid upon decomposition forms carbon dioxide and water.
H2CO3 → H2O + CO2
Practise Questions on Decomposition reactions
Q1. Write an equation for each of the decomposition reactions that occur in the presence of heat, light and electricity.
Q2. The reaction: Fe2O3 + 2Al → Al2O3 + 2Fe is an example of
- Combination reaction
- Displacement reaction
- Decomposition reaction
- Double displacement reaction
Q3. What happens when the dilute hydrochloric acid (HCl) is added to some iron fillings?
Q4. Why should the chemical equations be balanced?
Q5. Write the following statement of the given reaction into a balanced chemical equation form.
Barium chloride reacts with aluminium sulphate to give aluminium chloride and barium sulphate.
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