## What isÂ Motion in a Straight Line?

If an object changes its position with respect to its surroundings with time, then it is called in motion. It is a change in position of an object over time. **Motion in a straight line** is nothing but Linear motion.Â As the name suggests, it’s in a particular straight line, thus it can be said that it uses only one dimension.

### Types of Linear Motion

The linear motion, also called the Rectilinear Motion can be of two types:

- Uniform linear motion with constant velocity or zero acceleration
- Non-Uniform linear motion with variable velocity or non-zero acceleration

Linear motion is the most simple kind of one-dimensional motion. As Newton’s first law of motion suggests, an object will either be in rest or continue to move in a straight line with a uniform velocity unless and until an external force is applied to it.

You are suggested not to get confuse linear motion with general motion. As we discussed, linear motion is a one-dimensional motion but in general, the motion has magnitude and direction both, i.e. an object’s position and velocity are described in vector quantities.

### Uniform Motion in a Straight Line

If a body travels in a straight line and covers an equal amount of distance in an equal interval of time, then it is said to have uniform motion. In simple words, a body is said to have uniform acceleration if the rate of change of its velocity remains constant.

*The ball covers equal distance in equal intervals of time***Example:**

If a car travels at a speed of 60 km/hour then it will cover a distance of 1 km/minute. In this sense, the motion of car acceleration is uniform.

### Non-uniform Motion in a Straight Line

Unlike, the uniform acceleration, the body is said to have a non-uniform motion when the velocity of a body changes by unequal amounts in equal intervals of time. The rate of change of its velocity changes at different points of time during its movement.

**Example:**

A boy kicking a football. It might cover 4 meters in the first attempt, 6 meters in the second change, 9 meters in the third attempt and so on as per the velocity exerted by the boy.

** You may want to check out the following related videos for better understanding of motion and its characteristics.**

#### Motion

#### Measuring Motion

*If you wish to learn more physics concepts with the help of interactive video lessons, download BYJU’S – The Learning App.*