# Class 12 Physics Index Page

Here, we have provided a complete list of chapters and subtopics discussed in the Class 12 National Council of Educational Research and Training textbook (NCERT). Access free study material by clicking on the respective subtopics.

The chapters and subtopics listed below are according to the latest syllabus of Central Board of Secondary Education. The exhaustive content provided for each of these subtopics will guide you through what you can expect to study in Class 12 Physics.

## Class 12 Physics Chapters

### Chapter 1: Electric Charges And Fields

1.1 Introduction to Electric Charges and Fields
1.2 Electric Charge
1.3 Conductors and Insulators
1.4 Charging by Induction
1.5 Basic Properties of Electric Charge
1.6 Coulomb’s Law
1.7 Forces between Multiple Charges
1.8 Electric Field
1.9 Electric Field Lines
1.10 Electric Flux
1.11 Electric Dipole
1.12 Dipole in a Uniform External Field
1.13 Continuous Charge Distribution
1.14 Gauss’s Law And Its Applications

### Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance

2.1 Introduction to Electrostatic Potential And Capacitance
2.2 Electrostatic Potential
2.3 Potential due to a Point Charge
2.4 Potential due to an Electric Dipole
2.5 Potential due to a System of Charges
2.6 Equipotential Surfaces
2.7 Potential Energy of a System of Charges
2.8 Potential Energy in an External Field
2.9 Electrostatics of Conductors
2.10 Dielectrics and Polarisation
2.11 Capacitors and Capacitance
2.12 The Parallel Plate Capacitor
2.13 Effect of Dielectric on Capacitance
2.14 Combination of Capacitors
2.15 Energy Stored in a Capacitor
2.16 Van de Graaff Generator

### Chapter 3:Current Electricity

3.1 Introduction to Current Electricity
3.2 Electric Current
3.3 Electric Current in Conductors
3.4 Ohm’s Law And Limitations of Ohm’s Law
3.5 Drift of Electrons and the Origin of Resistivity<
3.6 Resistivity of Various Materials
3.7 Temperature Dependance of Resistivity
3.8 Electrical Energy, Power
3.9 Combination of Resistors-Series and Parallel
3.10 Cells, emf, Internal Resistance
3.11 Cells in Series and in Parallel
3.12 Kirchhoff’s Rules
3.13 Wheatstone Bridge
3.14 Metre Bridge
3.15 Potentiometer

### Chapter 4:Moving Charges and Magnetism

4.1 Introduction
4.2 Magnetic Force
4.3 Motion in a Magnetic Field
4.4 Motion in Combined Electric and Magnetic Fields
4.5 Magnetic Field due to a Current Element, Biot-Savart Law
4.6 Magnetic Field on the Axis of a Circular Current Loop
4.7 Ampere’s Circuital Law
4.8 The Solenoid and the Toroid
4.9 Force between Two Parallel Currents, the Ampere
4.10 Torque on Current Loop, Magnetic Dipole
4.11 The Moving Coil Galvanometer

### Chapter 5:Magnetism and Matter

5.1 Introduction
5.2 The Bar Magnet
5.3 Magnetism and Gauss’s Law
5.4 The Earth’s Magnetism
5.5 Magnetisation and Magnetic Intensity
5.6 Magnetic Properties of Materials
5.7 Permanent Magnets and Electromagnets

### Chapter 6:Electromagnetic Induction

6.1 Introduction
6.2 The Experiments of Faraday and Henry
6.3 Magnetic Flux
6.5 Lenz’s Law and Conservation of Energy
6.6 Motional Electromotive Force
6.7 Energy Consideration: A Quantitative Study
6.8 Eddy Currents
6.9 Inductance
6.10 AC Generator

### Chapter 7:Alternating Current

7.1 Introduction
7.2 AC Voltage Applied to a Resistor
7.3 Representation of AC Current and Voltage by Rotating Vectors-Phasors
7.4 AC Voltage Applied to an Inductor
7.5 AC Voltage Applied to a Capacitor
7.6 AC Voltage Applied to a Series LCR Circuit
7.7 Power in AC Circuit: The Power Factor
7.8 LC Oscillations
7.9 Transformers

### Chapter 8:Electromagnetic Waves

8.1 Introduction
8.2 Displacement Current
8.3 Electromagnetic Waves
8.4 Electromagnetic Spectrum

### Chapter 9:Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

9.1 Introduction
9.2 Reflection of Light by Spherical Mirrors
9.3 Refraction
9.4 Total Internal Reflection
9.5 Refraction At Spherical Surfaces and By Lenses
9.6 Refraction through a Prism
9.7 Dispersion by a Prism
9.8 Some Natural Phenomena due to Sunlight
9.9 Optical Instruments

### Chapter 10:Wave Optics

10.1 Introduction
10.2 Huygens Principle
10.3 Refraction and Reflection of Plane Waves using Huygens Principle
10.4 Coherent and Incoherent Addition of Waves
10.5 Interference of Light Waves and Young’s Experiment
10.6 Diffraction
10.7 Polarisation

### Chapter 11:Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

11.1 Introduction
11.2 Electron Emission
11.3 Photoelectric Effect
11.4 Experimental Study of Photoelectric Effect
11.5 Photoelectric Effect and Wave Theory of Light
11.6 Einstein’s Photoelectric Equation: Energy Quantum of Radiation
11.7 Particle Nature of Light: The Photon
11.8 Wave Nature of Matter
11.9 Davisson and Germer Experiment

### Chapter 12:Atoms

12.1 Introduction
12.2 Alpha-particle Scattering and Rutherford’s Nuclear Model of Atom
12.3 Atomic Spectra
12.4 Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom
12.5 The Line Spectra of the Hydrogen Atom
12.6 DE Broglie’s Explanation of Bohr’s Second Postulate of Quantisation

### Chapter 13: Nuclei

13.1 Introduction to Nuclei
13.2 Atomic Masses and Composition of Nucleus
13.3 Size of the Nucleus
13.4 Mass-Energy and Nuclear Binding Energy
13.5 Nuclear Force
13.7 Nuclear Energy

### Chapter 14:Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices, and Simple Circuits

14.1 Introduction
14.2 Classification of Metals, Conductors, and Semiconductors
14.3 Intrinsic Semiconductor
14.4 Extrinsic Semiconductor
14.5 p-n Junction
14.6 Semiconductor Diode
14.7 Application of Junction Diode as a Rectifier
14.8 Special Purpose p-n Junction Diodes
14.9 Junction Transistor
14.10 Digital Electronics and Logic Gates
14.11 Integrated Circuits

### Chapter 15:Communication Systems

15.1 Introduction to Communication Systems
15.2 Elements of Communication System
15.3 Basic Terminology Used in Electronic Communication Systems
15.4 Bandwidth of Signals
15.5 Bandwidth of Transmission Medium
15.6 Propagation of Electromagnetic Waves
15.7 Modulation and its Necessity
15.8 Amplitude Modulation
15.9 Production of Amplitude Modulated Wave
15.10 Detection of Amplitude Modulated Wave

### Why refer to these articles?

Physics is one of the most interesting subjects which is filled with numerous engaging concepts. The concepts taught in the 12th standard are the fundamentals of the subject. Students must learn these concepts in-depth to develop their skills in the subject and build a strong foundation.

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