Unit of distance is a centimeter in the CGS system. In Physics, distance is defined as the physical measurement of how far an object has moved. Distance is a scalar quantity.
SI Unit Of Distance
SI unit of distance is a meter according to the International System of Units. Interestingly, using this as the base unit and some equations, many other derived units or quantities are formed like volume, area, acceleration, and speed.
Metric Unit Of Distance
The metric unit of distance includes C.G.S and M.K.S unit system. Following is the table which includes the metric units of distance:
Unit | Symbol |
Millimeter | mm |
Centimeter | cm |
Metre | m |
Kilometer | km |
Distance Conversion
Below is the table explaining the distance conversion for different units of distance:
Millimeter (mm) | Centimeter (cm) | Metre (m) | Kilometer (km) | |
1 millimeter (mm) | 1 | 0.1 | 0.001 | 0.000001 |
1 centimeter (cm) | 10 | 1 | 0.01 | 0.00001 |
1 metre (m) | 1000 | 100 | 1 | 0.001 |
1 kilometer (km) | 1000000 | 100000 | 1000 | 1 |
1 inch (in) | 25.4 | 2.54 | 0.0254 | 0.0000254 |
Commonly Used Distance Units
When we talk about or when we have to measure longer distances they are other units used. Some of them include:
- The solar radius of 7 Ã— 10^{10}cm.
- The Astronomical Unit (AU) which is the mean distance from the Earth to the Sun, 1.496 Ã— 10^{13}cm, or about 93 million miles.
- A light-year (ly), the distance traveled by light in one year, or 9.46 Ã— 10^{17}cm. More significantly, one light-year is equal to 9,500,000,000,000 kilometers.
- The parsec (pc), the distance at which an object has a parallactic shift of 1 second of arc, or more accurately 3.1 Ã— 10^{18}cm. Usually, there is 3.26 ly in a pc and 206,265 AU in a pc.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q1. What is the biggest unit of distance?
Ans:Â The parsec is the biggest unit of distance that is used to measure the distance between the astronomical objects that are outside the solar system.
Q2. What is the smallest unit of distance?
Ans:Â The smallest unit of distance is Planck length which is denoted asÂ â„“p and is equal to 1.616255(18)Ã—10^{-35}.
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