Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

The main concept behind air conditioning and refrigeration is to lower the temperature of a particular area compared to the surroundings. The application of these phenomena can be seen in various domestic and industrial appliances such as ACs and Refrigerators.

Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

Refrigeration is a process of removal of unwanted heat from a selected object, substance, or space and its transfer to another object, substance, or space. Naturally, thermal energy is seen flowing from a higher temperature bearing place to a lower temperature bearing place.

Read More: Heat pump and Refrigerator

An air conditioning process has an indoor and outdoor unit connected with a pipe. The air is heated, compressed, condensed and liquified. The liquid gas evaporates and is cooled with the help of a condenser.

Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
Air Conditioning Refrigeration
The heat is removed from a given area to maintain cool temperature The heat is transferred to a region with higher temperature
The circulation system is designed to keep the cooled air out of the unit The circulation system is designed to keep the cool air within the unit
Two individual units are present. One unit for the evaporator and the other unit houses the compressor and the condensor. One single unit encompasses the evaporator, compressor and condensor
The in-built chemicals within the unit absorbs air into the system The air is supplied to the unit through pipes
Fan is required No fan is required
They are used to cool the room to maintain humidity They are used to cool the food for food preservation

These were some difference between air conditioning and refrigeration. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S – The Learning App.

For Better Understanding on Cooling
Enthalpy Newton’s Law of Cooling

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What is mechanical refrigeration?

Mechanical refrigeration is defined as the process in which heat is removed from a location with the help of a man-made heat exchange system. This system could be cyclic, non-cyclic, thermoelectric, or magnetic, and this depends on refrigeration application.

What is the difference between cooling and refrigeration?

Cooling is defined as bringing down the body’s temperature to a temperature that is lower than the surrounding. In contrast, refrigeration is when the body’s temperature is brought down to a temperature lower than its surroundings, and this temperature is maintained throughout.

What is the air-cooled system and water-cooled system?

An air-cooled system is a refrigeration system used outdoors and related to its surrounding ambient temperatures. In comparison, the water-cooled system is a refrigeration system used indoors. These are 10-15% more efficient than the air-cooled system.

What are the different stages of refrigeration?

There are four stages of refrigeration and they are:

  • Stage 1 involves the evaporator coil.
  • Stage 2 involves a compressor.
  • Stage 3 involves a condenser coil.
  • Stage 4 involves an expansion chamber.

What are the types of refrigeration systems?

There are two types of refrigeration: natural cooling and artificial cooling.

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