Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

Even though there is a difference between air conditioning and refrigeration, the main concept behind it is to lower the temperature of a particular area compared to the surroundings. These phenomena can be seen in domestic and industrial appliances such as ACs and Refrigerators etc.

Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration

In refrigeration, the apparatus supplies thermal energy from one place to a place of higher temperature whereas, in air conditioning, the thermal energy is taken from the air in order to cool the air. Naturally, thermal energy can be seen flowing from a higher temperature bearing place to a lower temperature bearing place.

The use of heat pump and refrigerator applications can be seen in all these types of appliances.

An AC has an indoor and outdoor unit connected with a pipe. The air is heated, compressed, condensed, and then liquifies, then the liquid gas evaporates and is cooled with the help of condenser to give the cooled air which we experience.

Difference Between Air Conditioning and Refrigeration
Air Conditioning Refrigeration
Thermal energy is taken away from the place to keep the air cooler Thermal energy is transferred from one place to a place of higher temperature
It is a type of refrigeration used to cool a large area Helps to flow thermal energy against the natural flow of heat
It deals with maintaining the temperature of a certain volume of air and also maintaining the purity and humidity It deals only with regulating the temperature of air such as cooling and freezing of products
The compressor and condenser are a separate unit from the evaporator The appliance has a condenser, compressor, and evaporator in one unit
The mechanism is supplied with gas from the tubes Internal chemicals and even air is supplied from the environment
Cold air is pushed away from the unit Cold air is kept inside the unit

These were some difference between air conditioning and refrigeration. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S – The Learning App.

For Better Understanding on Cooling
Enthalpy Newton’s Law of Cooling

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What is mechanical refrigeration?

Mechanical refrigeration is defined as the process in which heat is removed from a location with the help of a man-made heat exchange system. This system could be either cyclic, non-cyclic, thermoelectric, or magnetic and this is dependent on the application of the refrigeration.

What is the difference between cooling and refrigeration?

Cooling is defined as the process of bringing down the temperature of the body to a temperature which is lower than the surrounding. Whereas refrigeration is the process in which the temperature of the body is brought down to the temperature which lower than its surroundings and this temperature is maintained throughout.

What is the air-cooled system and water-cooled system?

An air-cooled system is a refrigeration system that is used outdoors and is related to its surrounding ambient temperatures. While the water-cooled system is a refrigeration system that is used indoors. These are 10-15% more efficient than the air-cooled system.

What are the different stages of refrigeration?

There are four stages of refrigeration and they are:

  • Stage 1 involves the evaporator coil.
  • Stage 2 involves a compressor.
  • Stage 3 involves a condenser coil.
  • Stage 4 involves an expansion chamber.

What are the types of refrigeration systems?

There are two types of refrigeration, and they are natural cooling and artificial cooling.

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