LC Oscillations

LC oscillations- The electric current and the charge on the capacitor in the circuit undergo electrical LC oscillations when a charged capacitor is connected to an inductor. The electrical energy stored in the capacitor is its initial charge which is named as qm.

It is represented by,

\(\begin{array}{l}U_E =\frac{1}{2}\frac{q_m^2}{C}\end{array} \)

The inductor contains zero energy. Charge varies sinusoidally with respect to time.

Oscillations

When the switch is turned on, the current in the circuit starts to increase, and the charge on the capacitor keeps decreasing. The current induced in the circuit produces a magnetic field in the inductor. When the current increase to its maximum level Im, the magnetic energy in the circuit is represented as:

\(\begin{array}{l}U_B = \frac{1}{2}LI_m^2\end{array} \)

The magnetic field starts decreasing with time as there is no further change in current through the inductor. The current is induced in the circuit due to a decreasing magnetic field. With reverse polarization, the current starts charging the capacitor. This process is repeated again once the capacitor in the circuit is fully charged with regard to its previous states. Due to this reason, energy in the whole system oscillates between the capacitor and the inductor.

On applying Kirchhoff’s law to the circuit, we conclude that the charge oscillates with a natural frequency.

\(\begin{array}{l}\omega_0 = \frac{1}{\sqrt{LC}}\end{array} \)

However, practically this whole process is not possible and is never achieved. The reason for the discrepancy is some loss of energy due to resistance in the circuit and also due to radiations in the form of electromagnetic waves.

The video examines the questions asked on the topic of alternating current by analyzing previous year’s JEE Mains & Advanced papers.

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

Define an inductor.

An inductor is a passive component which is used to store magnetic energy when electricity is applied to it.

What is a capacitor?.

A capacitor is a two-terminal device that possesses the ability to store energy in the form of an electric charge.

What is an LC circuit?

An LC circuit is a type of electric circuit that is made up of an inductor which is expressed by the letter L, and a capacitor, represented by the letter C.

What is LC circuit also known as?.

LC circuit is also known as a tank circuit, a resonant circuit, or a tuned circuit.

When the current increase to its maximum level, how is the magnetic energy in the circuit is represented.

\(\begin{array}{l}U_{B}=\frac{1}{2}LI_{m}^{2}\end{array} \)

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Test your knowledge on LC oscillator

1 Comment

  1. Shall I get the derivation of conservation of LC oscillation??? Plz

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