GRE Grammar Tutorial Part-I

GRE Grammar: Part-1

GRE Verbal Reasoning Grammar Tutorial on Noun, Pronoun, Adjective etc.

The GRE does not test you on grammar. Or so, you think. But to solve questions in GRE Text Completion and Reading Comprehension, you need to apply your knowledge of grammar.

Noun

A noun can be a place, thing, person or attribute. Nouns are classified as proper nouns and common nouns. Proper nouns include names of people and places. Common nouns can refer to basic things and attributes.

Here is a list of proper nouns:

  • Harry Potter
  • Hermione Granger
  • Ron Weasley
  • Hogwarts
  • Great Britain
  • Australia
  • New York City

Here is a list of common nouns:

  • Thing
  • Book
  • Phone
  • Adulation
  • Love
  • Hatred
  • Vow

When you use common nouns in sentences, they are used as such while proper nouns need to be capitalised.

Example: Ram left for New York City to catch his flight to San Francisco.

The Jim Corbett National Park is famous for its tigers.

Subject/Object

We have seen that the subject is the main entity if the sentence and everything else is built around it. An object is also a noun and it is a secondary noun associated with the subject.

Who killed whom? (‘Who’ is the subject here and ‘Whom’ is the object)
Molly killed Bellatrix. (Molly: Subject. Bellatrix: Object)
Bellatrix had earlier killed Sirius. (Bellatrix: Subject. Sirius: Object)

Pronoun

Use the right pronoun for nouns.

Hermione is a gifted witch. But she is not an expert with potions.
Ron is scared of spiders. He shivers when he sees them.
Harry, Ron and Hermione went in search of Hagrid but they couldn’t find him.
Hagrid’s dog, Fang hates the dark and it makes a lousy hunting dog.

Adjectives

Adjectives describe a noun. They add an attribute to the given noun. A rose is a noun. When you add the word, ‘red’ which is an adjective, you add the attribute of red colour to the rose. Red qualifies rose here. Red is an adjective while rose is a noun.

Here are examples of adjectives:

A handsome Harry Potter manoeuvred the tough broomstick over a rough atmospheric terrain with his expert navigation skills.

I read the news today, oh boy 
About a lucky man who made the grade 
And though the news was rather sad 
Well I just had to laugh 
I saw the photograph

He blew his mind out in a car
He didn’t notice that the red lights had changed
A crowd of people stood and stared
They’d seen his face before

Also Read:
GRE Grammar Tutorial Part-II
GRE Reading Comprehension

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