The magnetic field is an exerted area around the magnetic force. It is obtained by moving electric charges. The direction of the magnetic field is indicated by lines. While the electric fields are generated around the particles which obtain electric charge. During this process, positive charges are drawn, while negative charges are repelled.
An object with a moving charge always has both magnetic and electric fields. They have some similarities and also have two different fields with the same characteristics. Both fields are inter-related called electromagnetic fields, but they are not dependent on each other.
|Difference Between Electric Field vs Magnetic Field|
|Electric Field||Magnetic Field|
|It creates an electric charge in surrounding||Creates an electric charge around moving magnets|
|Measured as newton per coulomb, volt per meter||Measured as gauss or tesla|
|Proportional for the electric charge||Proportional to the speed of electric charge|
|Are perpendicular to the magnetic field||Are perpendicular to the electric field|
|An electric field is measured using an electrometer||The magnetic field is measured using the magnetometer|