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Fluid Dynamics

Fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that deals with fluid flow in motion. There are many branches in fluid dynamics, aerodynamics, and hydrodynamics few among the popularly known fluid mechanics.

In this article, let us know in detail about fluid dynamics and its applications.

What Is Fluid Dynamics?

Fluid dynamics is “the branch of applied science that is concerned with the movement of liquids and gases,” according to the American Heritage Dictionary. It involves a wide range of applications such as calculating force & moments, determining the mass flow rate of petroleum through pipelines, predicting weather patterns, understanding nebulae in interstellar space, and modelling fission weapon detonation.
Fluid Dynamics

What Is Computational Fluid Dynamics?

Computational fluid dynamics is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and algorithms to solve and analyse problems that involve fluid flows. High-speed supercomputers are used to perform the calculation that is required to simulate the interaction of liquids and gases.

Applications of Fluid Dynamics

Fluid Dynamics can be applied in the following ways:

  • Fluid dynamics is used to calculate the forces acting upon the aeroplane.
  • It is used to find the flow rates of material such as petroleum from pipelines.
  • It can also be used in traffic engineering (traffic treated as continuous liquid flow).

Equations in Fluid Dynamics: Bernoulli’s Equation

\(\begin{array}{l}\large \frac{P}{\rho }+g\;z+\frac{v^{2}}{2}=k\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large \frac{P}{\rho g}+z+\frac{v^{2}}{2g}=k\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large \frac{P}{\rho g}+\frac{v^{2}}{2g}+z=k\end{array} \)

Here,

P/ρg is the pressure head or pressure energy per unit weight fluid

v2/2g is the kinetic head or kinetic energy per unit weight

z is the potential head or potential energy per unit weight

P is the Pressure

ρ is the Density

K is the Constant

The Bernoulli equation is different for isothermal as well as adiabatic processes.

\(\begin{array}{l}\large \frac{dP}{\rho } + V \; dV + g \; dZ = 0\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large \int \left ( \frac{dP}{\rho }+ V\; dV + g\; dZ \right )=K\end{array} \)

\(\begin{array}{l}\large \int \frac{dP}{\rho}+\frac{V^{2}}{2}+g\;Z=K\end{array} \)

Where,

Z is the elevation point

ρ is the density of fluid

The equation can also be written as,

\(\begin{array}{l}\large q + P = P_{o}\end{array} \)

Where,

q is the dynamic pressure

PO is the total pressure

P is the static pressure

See the video below, to understand the concept of Equation of Continuity and Fluid Mechanics


Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What is fluid dynamics?

Fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that deals with fluid flow in motion.

What are the applications of fluid dynamics?

The following are the applications of fluid dynamics:

  • Fluid dynamics can also be used in traffic engineering.
  • It is used to calculate the forces acting upon the aeroplane.
  • It is used to find the flow rates of material such as petroleum from pipelines.

Give the equation to find the fluid pressure?

\(\begin{array}{l}\large q + P = P_{o}\end{array} \)
Where,
q is the dynamic pressure
PO is the total pressure
P is the static pressure

State true or false: Fluid dynamics is used to calculate the forces acting upon the aeroplane.

TRUE.

What Is computational fluid dynamics?

Computational fluid dynamics is a branch of fluid mechanics that uses numerical analysis and algorithms to solve and analyse problems that involve fluid flows.

Hope you understood the concept of fluid dynamics, its applications, computational fluid dynamics, bernoulli’s equation in fluid dynamics. Continue learning about isothermal processes with engaging video lectures and diagrams at BYJU’S.

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