Modern Physics


What Is Modern Physics?

Modern physics is a branch of physics which deals with the post-Newtonian concepts in the world of physics. It is based on the two major breakthroughs of the twentieth century: Relativity and Quantum Mechanics.

Modern physics often involves an advance description of nature through new theories which were different from the classical descriptions and involves elements of quantum mechanics and Einsteinian relativity. For instance, quantum effects typically involve distances related to atoms. On the other hand, relativistic effects typically involve velocities compared to the speed of light.

modern physics

Who Is The Father Of Modern Physics?

Albert Einstein is known as the father of modern physics. He was a 20th-century scientist, who came up with the most important ideas. One of the important work of Albert Einstein is the theory of relativity and the famous equation E=mc2.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1921 for his achievements in theoretical physics, particularly discovering the laws of photoelectric effect

Modern Physics Topics

The topics which are considered as the core to the foundation of the subject are stated below:

  • Atomic theory and the evolution of the atomic model in general
  • Black-body radiation
  • Franck–Hertz experiment
  • Geiger–Marsden experiment (Rutherford’s experiment)
  • Gravitational lensing
  • Michelson–Morley experiment
  • Photoelectric effect
  • Quantum thermodynamics
  • Radioactive phenomena in general
  • Perihelion precession of Mercury
  • Stern–Gerlach experiment
  • Wave-particle duality
  • Solid

Modern Physics Formulas

Quantity Formula
Photoelectric effect hf=Φ+Ek
Black body radiation \(B_{v}(v,T)=\frac{2hv^{3}}{c^{2}}\frac{1}{e^{\frac{hv}{kT}}-1}\)
Energy of photon E=hf
Mass-energy E=mc2
Radioactive half-life \(ln\frac{N_{t}}{N_{0}}=-kt\)

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Practise This Question

Which of the following graphs correctly demonstrates a uniform motion? The graphs given are distance versus time.