Karnataka Board Class 10 Syllabus for Science | 2018-2019

Karnataka Secondary Education Examinations Board(KSEEB) has provided syllabus for class 10. Syllabus enables students to get a gist of the entire chapter with just a glance. For a subject like science, having syllabus around becomes mandate of sorts since any topic in science is spread wide and has a lot of information. So having an idea of what is to be omitted is very essential, this is where a syllabus comes handy.

You will find the latest syllabus for class 10 as per the Karnataka board right below:

Science Syllabus
Chemical Reactions and equations

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, Implication of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions:combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, neutralization, oxidation and reduction.

Acids, Bases and Salts

Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ AND OH- ions, General properties, examples and uses, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), the importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and Non metals

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series;Formation and properties of ionic compounds;Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention.

Carbon and its compounds

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds. Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series. Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups(halogens,alcohol,ketones,aldehydes,alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons. Chemical properties of carbon compounds(combustion,oxidation, addition and substitution reaction). Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses(, soaps and detergents.

Periodic Classification of elements

Need for classification, early attempts at classification of elements (Dobereiner’s Triads, Newland’s Law of Octaves, Mendeleev’s periodic table), Modern periodic table, gradation in properties, valency, atomic number, metallic and non-metallic properties.

Life Processes

‘Living Being’. Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals.

Control and Coordination

Tropic movements in plants;Introduction of plant hormones; Control and coordination in animals;Nervous system;Voluntary,involuntary and reflex action;Chemical coordination;animal hormones

How do organisms reproduce

Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health-need and methods of family planning. Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS. Child bearing and women’s health.

Heredity and Evolution

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution – Laws for inheritance of traits:Sex determination: breif introduction; Basic concepts of evolution.

Light – Reflection and Refraction

Natural phenomena Reflection of light by curves surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required), magnification. Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula (Derivation not required); Magnification. Power of a lens.

Human eye and the colourful world

Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses. Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life.


Effects of Current Electric current, potential difference and electric current. Ohm’s law; resistance, resistivity, factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends. Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life. Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life. Electric power, Interrelation between P,V,I and R.

Magnetic effects of electric current

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on a current carrying conductor, Fleming’s Left hand rule, Electric motor, Electromagnetic induction. Induced potential difference, Induced current. Fleming’s right hand rule, electric generator, direct current. Alternating current: frequency of AC. Advantage of AC over DC . Domestic electric current.

Sources of energy

Different forms of energy, conventional and non-conventional sources of energy: Fossil fuels, solar energy; biogas; wind, water and tidal energy; Nuclear energy: Renewable versus non-renewable sources of energy.

Our environment

Eco-system, environmental problems, ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions. Biodegradable and non – biodegradable substances.

Sustainable management of Natural Resources

Conservation and judicious use of natural resources. Forest and wildlife; Coal and Petroleum conservation. Examples of people’s participation for conservation of natural resources. Big dams: advantages and limitations; alternatives, if any. Water harvesting. Sustainability of natural resources.

Stay tuned for other resources from Karnataka sslc examination board like the previous year and sample papers. 

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