Biconvex Lens

Biconvex Lenses- Definition and Meaning

Biconvex lens is the simple lenses which comprise two convex surfaces in spherical form, generally having the same kind of radius of curvature. These are also called a convex-convex lens.

A Biconvex lens is as shown in the figure below-

Biconvex Lens

Being a kind of simple lens, the biconvex lens has a wide range of applications of it, but it is not limited to, control and focusing of laser beams, quality imaging and also the other kinds of optical instruments.

In a biconvex lens or a Plano-convex lens, a collimated or accurately parallel beam of light passes through the lens and converges at a spot or focus coming behind the lens. In such a case, this lens is known as a converging or positive lens. The distance coming from the lens up to the spot is called the focal length of the lens. Since there is a curvature on both sides of the lens, there will be around two focal points and also two centers. The line that is drawn through the middle of the biconvex lens is known as the principal axis. This is as shown in figure below-

Biconvex Lens

A human eye lens is the best example of a Biconvex lens. For an eye, in order to see the objects at hand, the light rays coming from the objects have to bend more sharply in order to bring them on to the focus of the retina; the light rays coming from a distant object requires less refraction. To acquire this, it has to be of the highly elastic form so that the shape can be altered and thus can be made less or more convex. The higher convex a lens, greater is the refraction.

Biconvex Lenses- Properties

Some characteristic properties of a biconvex lens are given below-

  • Biconvex lens are said to possess positive focal length
  • They are said to have shorter focal lengths
  • They have the ability to converge the incident light
  • They have the capability of forming both the real and the virtual images
  • They minimize the spherical aberration and can also cancel the coma and the distortion with a conjugate ratio corresponding to unity.

The Biconvex lenses are known to be symmetrical in form, having equal radii on both sides. They are usually recommended for the purpose of virtual imaging in case of real objects, and also for a positive conjugate ratio ranging between 0.2 – 5.

Biconvex Lenses- Uses & Applications

These lenses have around a number of uses of which some of them are listed below-

  1. Biconvex lens are used as a magnifying or condensing lenses.
  2. They are also used as objectives or magnifiers
  3. These are utilized in many imaging systems such as the telescopes, monocular, microscopes, binoculars, cameras, projectors, etc.
  4. These are used in producing the virtual image in case of a human eye and a real image in case of the photographic films or an optical sensor
  5. These lenses are also used as a burning-glass.
  6. These are used in the applications of image relays and also in various kinds of industries

Hence, a biconvex lens is one of the best lenses that can be used in a condition where a beam of light incident on lens is diverging in nature and also the beam that leaves the lenses converges symmetrically.

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