When we are using electricity do we think which type of current we are using? Alternating Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC) are the types of electric current flow. The major difference between AC and DC is the direction in which electric current flow. In Alternating current, current keeps switching directions periodically – forward and backward. While in the direct current it flows in a single direction steadily.
Alternating Current (AC)
In alternating current, the electric charges flow changes its direction periodically. AC is the most commonly used and most preferred electric power for household equipment, office, and buildings, etc. It was first tested, based on the principles of Michael Faraday in 1832 using a Dynamo Electric Generator
Alternating current can be identified in wave form called as sine wave, in other words, it can be said as the curved line. These curved lines represent electric cycles and are measured per second. The measurement is read as Hertz or Hz. AC is used to powerhouses and buildings etc because generating and transporting AC across long distances is relatively easy. AC is capable of powering electric motors which are used on refrigerators, washing machine etc
Direct Current (DC)
Unlike alternating current, the flow of current in direct current does not change periodically. The current electricity flows in a single direction in a steady voltage. The major uses of DC is to supply power for electrical devices and also to charge batteries. For example, mobile phone batteries, flashlights, flat-screen television, hybrid and electric vehicles. DC has the combination of plus and minus sign, a dotted line or a straight line.
Everything that runs on a battery and uses an AC adapter while plugging into a wall or uses a USB cable for power relies on DC. Examples would be Cellphones, Electric vehicles, flashlights, Flat screen TVs(AC goes into the TV and is converted into DC).
Difference Between AC and DC
|Alternating Current||Direct Current|
|AC can carry and safe to transfer longer distance even between two cities, and maintain the electric power.||DC cannot travel for very longer distance. If does, it loses electric power.|
|The rotating magnets cause the change in direction of electric flow.||The steady magnetism makes the DC to flow in a single direction.|
|The frequency of AC is depended upon the country. But, generally, the frequency is 50Hz or 60Hz.||DC has no frequency of zero frequency.|
|In AC the flow of current changes it direction backward periodically.||It flows in a single direction steadily.|
|Electrons in AC keep changing its directions – backward and forward||Electrons only move in one direction – that is forward.|