The main difference between the capacitor and inductor is that capacitor opposes the change in voltage, while an inductor opposes the change in current. Furthermore, inductor stores energy in the form of a magnetic field and capacitor stores energy in the form of an electric field. In this article, learn more differences between inductor and capacitor.
Capacitor vs Inductor
|It resists changes in voltage||It resists changes in current|
|The voltage in a capacitor doesn’t change instantaneously||The current in an inductor doesn’t change instantaneously|
|The unit of capacitance is Farad||The unit of inductance is Henry|
|Voltage lags behind current by π/2||Current lags behind voltage by π/2|
|The capacitor acts as a short circuit for alternating current||Inductor acts as a short circuit for direct current|
|Energy is stored in the electric field||Energy is stored in the magnetic field|
The listed were a few differences between inductors and capacitors. Both these electrical components impede the flow of electrons in a circuit. Unlike resistors that dissipate energy, capacitors and inductors store energy in an electric field and magnetic field respectively. At BYJU’S learn more differences like the difference between diode and rectifier.