One of the main differences between a capacitor and an inductor is that a capacitor opposes a change in voltage while an inductor opposes a change in the current. Furthermore, the inductor stores energy in the form of a magnetic field, and the capacitor stores energy in the form of an electric field. In this article, learn more differences between inductor and capacitor.
Capacitor vs Inductor
|It resists changes in voltage||It resists changes in current|
|The voltage in a capacitor doesn’t change instantaneously||The current in an inductor doesn’t change instantaneously|
|The unit of capacitance is Farad||The unit of inductance is Henry|
|Voltage lags current by π/2||Current lags voltage by π/2|
|The capacitor functions as a short circuit for alternating current||Inductor functions as a short circuit for direct current|
|Energy is stored in the electric field||Energy is stored in the magnetic field|
The listed were a few differences between inductors and capacitors. Both these electrical components impede the flow of electrons in a circuit. Unlike resistors that dissipate energy, capacitors and inductors store energy in an electric field and magnetic field respectively. At BYJU’S learn more differences like the difference between diode and rectifier.