Difference Between Capacitor And Inductor

One of the main differences between a capacitor and an inductor is that a capacitor opposes a change in voltage while an inductor opposes a change in the current. Furthermore, the inductor stores energy in the form of a magnetic field, and the capacitor stores energy in the form of an electric field. In this article, learn more differences between inductor and capacitor.

 

Difference Between Capacitor And Inductor

Capacitor vs Inductor

Capacitor Inductor
It resists changes in voltage It resists changes in current
The voltage in a capacitor doesn’t change instantaneously The current in an inductor doesn’t change instantaneously
The unit of capacitance is Farad The unit of inductance is Henry
Voltage lags current by π/2 Current lags voltage by π/2
The capacitor functions as a short circuit for alternating current Inductor functions as a short circuit for direct current
Energy is stored in the electric field Energy is stored in the magnetic field

The listed were a few differences between inductors and capacitors. Both these electrical components impede the flow of electrons in a circuit. Unlike resistors that dissipate energy, capacitors and inductors store energy in an electric field and magnetic field respectively. At BYJU’S learn more differences like the difference between diode and rectifier.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

BOOK

Free Class