Difference Between Earth and Neutral

Difference Between Earth and Neutral

Both of these are the aspects of electricity and in order to understand the difference between earth and neutral, we need to understand its working. Both of these are type of connections to which appliances are connected to.

Earth and Neutral Differences

A neutral is referred to a point in an electrical system where appliances are connected to. Conductors connected to this point are generally consists of non current carrying conductors made to handle short circuit happening in electrical appliances.

On the other hand, the earth is referred to an electrical path which carries the short circuit current when an insulation breakdown occurs.

Difference Between Earth and Neutral



It is the least resistance path and is used as safety purpose against residual currents

In an AC circuit which carries current in normal condition, it is the return path, it balances load

In normal condition, it doesn’t carry any current but in case of insulation failure, it might carry minor current

A neutral wire is always charged

It cannot be turned into neutral

It can be turned into earth

It can come from a neutral line or can be separately executed

It comes from a neutral line

Earth is the surging point of appliances

Neutral is the return path of the electrical current supply, it is also called a reference point

These were some difference between earth and neutral. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S The Learning App.


Practise This Question

A particle of mass m is moving with constant velocity v parallel to x-axis in xy plane as shown in figure. Calculate its angular momentum with respect to origin at anyinstant 't'.