Even though both the terms sound alike but there is a difference between gravitation and gravity, gravitation is the force occurring between two bodies whereas gravity is the force occurring between the earth and a body. Gravitational force along with electromagnetic force, weak nuclear force, and strong nuclear force build the four fundamental types of forces of the universe.
Difference Between Gravitation and Gravity
Gravitation is referred to the force acting between two bodies which can be represented as the \(F=(GM_{1}M_{2})/R^{2}\) which means gravitation force is proportional to the product of the masses of the object 1 and object 2 and is inversely proportional to the square of distance between them. The gravitational force between earth and any object is known as gravity.
Difference Between Gravitation and Gravity 


Gravitation 
Gravity 
It can be an attraction force or repulsive force 
It is always an attraction force 
It is an universal force 
It is not an universal force 
It is a weak force 
It is a strong force 
The force is \(F=(GM_{1}M_{2})/R^{2}\) (G= gravitational constant) 
The force is F=mg (g=acceleration due to gravity) 
The direction of gravitational force lies in the radial direction from the masses 
The direction of force of gravity is along the line joining the earth’s center and the center of the body. Its direction is towards the center of the earth. 
Gravitation force is a vector quantity 
Gravity is a vector field 
The force can be 0 when separation between bodies is infinity 
The force of gravity can be 0 at the center of the earth 
It requires two masses 
It requires only one mass 
These were some difference between Gravitation and Gravity. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S The Learning App.
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