Both of these are forms of image but there is a difference between real image and virtual image. When the light rays arising from a single source converge to a particular point, it is referred to as a real image. When the apparent divergence of light from a definite point produces an image, it is known as a virtual image.
Difference Between Real Image and Virtual Image
The real image can be achieved when the screen is presented on the same plane of the image. The image is only produced with the help of a converging lens or a concave mirror. The size of the image depends upon the placement of the object.
Virtual image on the other hand, is an upright image which can be achieved where the rays seem to diverge but does not converge in reality. This image can be produced with the help of diverging lens or a convex mirror.
|Difference Between Real Image and Virtual Image|
|Real Image||Virtual Image|
|The image is due to reflection or refraction, when the light arises from an object and converges to a certain point||The image produced when the light arising from an object appears to strike a certain point|
|The real image can be captured on screen as it is the result of actual intersection of ray of light||It cannot be captured on a screen as it is the imaginary intersection of ray of light|
|The images are inverted||The images are erect|
|Converging lens are used to produce the image||Diverging lens are used to produce the image|
|Concave mirror is used to produce the image||A plane mirror or convex mirror is used to produce the image|
So, it can be concluded that the basic difference between real image and virtual image is that real image is obtained on the screen and appears on the same side as the object while virtual image is not obtained on the screen and appears to be on the opposite side of the mirror.
Following is the real image:
Following is the virtual image:
These were some difference between real image and virtual image. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S The Learning App.