Difference Between Simple And Compound Microscope

A magnifying instrument that uses two types of lenses to magnify an object with different zoom levels of magnification is called a compound microscope. It consists of two lenses: the objective lens, which creates a resolved image, and the eyepiece lens, which magnifies the object. A simple microscope is a magnifying instrument that uses only one lens to magnify objects. Some examples of simple microscopes are jewellery eyepieces, reading glasses, and pocket magnifiers.

Difference Between Simple And Compound Microscope

Characteristics Simple Microscope Compound Microscope
Number of lenses One to magnify objects 3-5 to magnify objects
Condenser lens Absent Present
Light source Natural Illuminator
Mirror type Concave reflecting A concave mirror on one side and a plane mirror on the other side
Level of magnification One level only Higher-level
Magnifying power Up to 300X 2,000X
Adjusting Magnification No Yes
Used A basic level By professional for research purpose

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Some important links:

Optical Instruments Concave-Convex Lenses

Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs


How many lenses are found in a simple microscope?

One lens is found in a simple microscope.

How many lenses are seen in a compound microscope?

3 to 5 lenses are present in a compound microscope.


What is the magnifying power of a simple microscope?

A simple microscope can magnify up to 300X.


What is the source of light in a compound microscope?

An illuminator is the light source in a compound microscope.

Is condenser lens found in a simple microscope?

A condenser lens aligns a divergent beam into a parallel or convergent beam, and it is absent in a simple microscope
Test your knowledge on Simple and compound microscope


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