Adiabatic Process

What is Adiabatic Process?

Adiabatic process is defined as

The thermodynamic process in which there is no exchange of heat from the system to its surrounding neither during expansion nor during compression.

Adiabatic process can be either reversible or irreversible. Following are the essential conditions for adiabatic process to take place:

  • System must be perfectly insulated from the surrounding.
  • The process must be carried out quickly so that there is sufficient amount of time for heat transfer to take place.

Adiabatic process

For instance, the gas compression within an engine cylinder is expected to happen so fast that on the compression process time scale, a minimum amount of the energy of the system could be produced and sent out in the form of heat.

Despite the cylinders being not insulated and having a conductive nature, the process is deemed to be adiabatic. The same could be considered to be true for the enlargement process of such a system.

What is Adiabatic Process Equation?

Following is the adiabatic process equation:

PVγ = constant

Where,

  • P is the pressure of the system
  • V is the volume of the system
  • γ is the adiabatic index and is defined as the ratio of heat capacity at constant pressure Cp to heat capacity at constant volume Cv

Reversible Adiabatic Process

A Reversible Adiabatic Process is also called an  Isentropic Process. It is an idealized thermodynamic process that is adiabatic and in which the work transfers of the system are frictionless; there is no transfer of heat or of matter and the process is reversible. Such an idealized process is useful in engineering as a model of and basis of comparison for real processes.

What is Adiabatic Expansion?

Adiabatic expansion is defined as an ideal behavior for a closed system, in which the pressure is constant and the temperature is decreasing.

What is Adiabatic Compression?

Adiabatic compression of the air is defined as the compression in which no heat is added or subtracted from the air and the internal energy of the air is increased which is equal to the external work done on the air. The pressure of the air is more than the volume as the temperature increases during compression.

Interested to learn more about other concepts related to the adiabatic process, below are the links:

Adiabatic Process Example

There are several instances, some are stated below:

  • It is a process where there is a gas compression and heat is generated. One of the simplest examples would be the release of air from a pneumatic tire.
  • Adiabatic Efficiency is applied to devices such as nozzles, compressors, and turbines. One of the good applications of the adiabatic process.
  • The pendulum oscillating in a vertical plane is an example of it.
  • A quantum harmonic oscillator is also an example of an adiabatic system.
  • When we put the ice into the ice box, no heat goes out and no heat comes in.

What is the Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic Process

Following is the table explaining isothermal vs adiabatic process:

Isothermal process Adiabatic process
Isothermal process is defined as one of the thermodynamic processes which occurs at a constant temperature Adiabatic process is defined as one of the thermodynamic processes which occurs without any heat transfer between the system and the surrounding
Work done is due to the change in the net heat content in the system Work done is due to the change in its internal energy
The temperature cannot be varied The temperature can be varied
There is transfer of heat There is no transfer of heat

Frequently Asked Questions on Adiabatic Process

What is Adiabatic process?

The adiabatic process is a thermodynamic process in which there is no heat transfer from in or out of the system. For an ideal gas, an adiabatic process is a reversible process with constant entropy. The mathematical representation of the adiabatic process is ΔQ=0

What is Adiabatic Expansion?

Adiabatic expansion is defined as an ideal behavior for a closed system, in which the pressure is constant and the temperature is decreasing.

What is Adiabatic Compression?

Adiabatic compression of the air is defined as the compression in which no heat is added or subtracted from the air and the internal energy of the air is increased which is equal to the external work done on the air. The pressure of the air is more than the volume as the temperature increases during compression.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *