Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

The difference between isothermal and adiabatic process has to be understood in order to understand its practical industrial application. Both these processes are more frequently discussed in thermodynamics. Both these processes are entirely opposite from each other.

Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

The major difference between these two types of process is that in adiabatic process, there is no transfer of heat towards or from the liquid which is considered. Where on the other hand, in isothermal process, there is a transfer of heat to the surroundings in order to make the overall temperature constant.

Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

Isothermal

Adiabatic

Transfer of heat occurs

No Transfer of heat occurs

The pressure is more at a given volume

The pressure is less at a given volume

Temperature remains constant

Temperature changes due to internal system variations.

Heat can be added or released to the system just to keep the same temperature

There is no addition of heat nor heat is released because maintaining constant temperature doesn’t matter here.

The transformation is slow

The transformation is fast

These were some difference between isothermal and adiabatic process. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S The Learning App.

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A bob of mass m is suspended from the ceiling of a train moving with an acceleration a as shown in figure. Find the angle θ in equilibrium position.