Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

The difference between isothermal and adiabatic processes has to be understood in order to understand its practical industrial application. Both these processes are more frequently discussed in thermodynamics. Both these processes are entirely opposite to each other.

Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process

The major difference between these two types of processes is that in the adiabatic process, there is no transfer of heat towards or from the liquid which is considered. Where on the other hand, in the isothermal process, there is a transfer of heat to the surroundings in order to make the overall temperature constant.

Difference Between Isothermal and Adiabatic process
Isothermal Adiabatic
Transfer of heat occurs No Transfer of heat occurs
The pressure is more at a given volume The pressure is less at a given volume
Temperature remains constant Temperature changes due to internal system variations.
Heat can be added or released to the system just to keep the same temperature There is no addition of heat nor heat is released because maintaining constant temperature doesn’t matter here.
The transformation is slow The transformation is fast

These were some differences between the isothermal and adiabatic processes. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S The Learning App.

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