Difference Between Cyclone and Hurricane

Cyclones vs Hurricanes

In order to understand the difference between Cyclone and Hurricane, it is important to know what each of the terms actually means. They are different from one another, yet people always confuse one with the other. Cyclones are atmospheric conditions that are stormy and possess the potential to cause destruction. They are a result of atmospheric condition instability. Based on the region and severity, cyclones may be referred to as typhoons or hurricanes. Having said this, hurricanes are a type of tropical cyclones that can wreak havoc due to their high winds, rains and floods. As they are usually water based natural disasters, understanding the properties of water especially in the way it expands is important, to understand how hurricanes and cyclones work. If you are wondering what seperates a cyclone from a hurricane, then the only difference between hurricane and cyclone is the geographical location in which they occur. A tropical system that occurs in the Altantic and North east Pacific ocean is called a hurricane while in the north indian ocean they are called a cyclone. In this article, let us learn various differences between hurricane and cyclone

You may also want to check out the below article for further reading on cyclone and its causes.

Cyclone vs Hurricane

Hurricanes differ from Cyclones based on the simple fact that hurricanes form and develop around and over ocean water. Heat and moisture provides the conditions for sustainability of the hurricane. Hurricanes are usually found near the tropical areas of the world. The center of the hurricane is usually the area containing the lowest pressure this is termed as the ‘eye’ of the hurricane.

Difference between Cyclones and Hurricanes



The rapidly circulating air with a low pressure center at first which is then accompanied by destructive weather is termed as a Cyclone.

A Hurricane is simply a cyclone with varying high speeds reaching it. This is termed as a Hurricane.

The rotation of a cyclone is counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern hemisphere.

The rotation of a hurricane is clockwise in the southern hemisphere and rotates counterclockwise in northern hemisphere.

The scale used for measuring cyclones are termed as the Beaufort scale which are capable of measuring high speeds upto 300 kph.

Hurricanes on the other hand are measured on a different scale and the intensity of the overall damage increases from 1 to 5.

The region most affected by Cyclones is the Pacific Ocean region.

The region most affected by Hurricanes is the Caribbean Sea region

The frequency of cyclones are around 10-14 every year.

The frequency of hurricanes are around 10-15 every year.

Thus, this explains the difference between Cyclones and Hurricanes. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more interesting topics like destructions caused by cyclones, global warming and more.

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