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Types of DC Generators

Types of DC Generators

We know that various types of DC Generators are used to perform one core action that is to convert mechanical energy into direct current. This works on the principle of induced emf produced dynamically. A magnetic flux is produced while passing a circulating current in the field windings, which is called excitation. These are classified according to the methods of field excitation.

Classification of DC Generators on the Method of Excitation:

  • Permanent Magnet
  • Separately Excited
  • Self Excited
    1. Shunt Wound
    2. Series Wound
    3. Compound Wound

Permanent Magnet Type DC Generator

Here, no field windings are present near the poles. The poles produce constant fields here. This is very small and used in dynamos in cycles etc. The magnets produce flux which gets deteriorated with the passage of time and indeed changes the characteristics of the machine.

Separately Excited DC Generator

Here, the field windings are energized by a separate DC source. The flux generated on the poles depends upon field current, and the saturated region remains constant.

Self Excited DC Generator

The generator provides the current to the field winding. When the electric generator is off, a small is developed in the rotor which induces an electromotive force in the armature and producing current in the field windings.

The self-excited DC generator is further classified into Shunt Wound Generator and Series Wound Generator.

Shunt Wound Generator

Here, the field winding is connected across the armature windings in a parallel also known as a shunt circuit, which helps to apply a full terminal voltage across it.

Series Wound Generator

Here, the field coils are connected in series with the armature windings. The armature current is carried in the series field windings.

These were some types of DC Generators. If you wish to know more, download BYJU’S The Learning App

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Frequently Asked Questions – FAQs

What is a DC generator?

A DC generator is an electrical device which transforms mechanical energy into direct current (DC) electricity. This type of energy transformation is based on the principle of generation of dynamically induced emf.

What are the main types of DC generators?

DC generators are mainly categorised into three types based on the field excitation methods. They are Permanent Magnet DC generator, Separately Excited DC generator, and Self-Excited DC generator.

What are the three types of Self-Excited DC generators?

Shunt Wound Generators, Compound Wound Generators, and Series Wound Generators are three types of Self-Excited DC generators.

What are the main parts of a DC generator?

The main parts of a DC generator are stator, rotor, armature windings, yoke, poles, pole shoe, commutator, and brushes.

What is a magnetic field?

A magnetic field is a physical field that is a projection of magnetic influence on travelling charges, magnetic materials and electric currents.

What is a magnet?

A magnet is an object or material that generates a magnetic field.

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