We are aware that current is referred as flow of electrons. There are mainly two types of current and they are direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC). The direct current flows in one direction while the alternating current flows in two directions. The current supplied to our homes and local utility is alternating current. Dc currents are used in batteries and household electronics. We have various types of current which are used in everyday activities. In the next section, we have listed the various types of curent.
Various types of current
- Steady Current
- Varying Current
- Direct Current
- Alternating Current
- Instantaneous Current
Here, the magnitude of current does not change with respect to time. These currents flow in a continuous loop. If a graph is plotted between current and time, the variations will result in a straight line.
Here, the magnitude of current changes with respect to time but the direction is constant.
Here, the magnitude of current remains constant and the current flows in one direction. Direct current can also be obtained from an alternating current power supply with uses of rectifier. It can be converted into an alternating current with the use of an inverter or a set of motor-generator.
Here, magnitude of current changes continuously and the direction of current changes periodically. The current is represented by a sine curve or cosine curve. Alternate current is generally used to power applications because it can be transformed from higher voltage level to lower voltage level.
It referred to the value of current at a particular instant in time. It is characterised into two types Charging and discharging current. Here, the rate of flow varies with time The time considered is very small such as a millisecond.
These were some types of current, if you wish to know more, download BYJU’S The Learning App