Eutrophication is a severe environmental concern because it frequently leads to water quality degradation and dissolved oxygen reduction in bodies of water. Eutrophic waters can eventually turn into “dead zones” that can’t sustain life.
Definition: Eutrophication is a process in which nutrient-rich water bodies support a dense plant population that kills animal life by depriving it of oxygen, resulting in biodiversity loss.
Eutrophication Chemistry Questions with Solutions
Q-1: What happens when algae growth deoxygenates the water?
- Increase in the population of aquatic animals
- Animal mortality
- Increase in aquatic plants
Answer: b) Animal mortality
Explanation: Algae development is aided by the addition of phosphates to water. The abundance of algae growth covers the water surface, lowering the oxygen concentration in the water. This results in anaerobic conditions, which are often accompanied by the accumulation of toxic degradation and animal mortality.
Q-2: What is anthropogenic eutrophication? How is it caused?
Answer: Human activity causes anthropogenic eutrophication. Humans provide nutrients in the form of fertilisers to agricultural farms, golf courses, and lawns. Rains wash these fertilisers away, and they eventually end up in bodies of water like lakes and rivers.When fertilisers are introduced to an aquatic ecosystem, they provide abundant nutrients to algae and plankton, causing eutrophication of the water body.
Q-3: What is an algal bloom?
Answer: An algal bloom, also known as an algae bloom, is a fast proliferation or aggregation of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, which is commonly characterised by water discoloration of their colours.
Q-4: Eutrophication is less likely to occur in the area
- That are surrounded by fertilised lands
- Algal bloom is already present.
- There are numerous aquatic animals
- Which are not surrounded by fertile lands
Answer: d) Which are not surrounded by fertile lands
Explanation: The fertilisers contain phosphorus as additives which provide an abundance of nutrients to algae and plankton, causing the water body to become eutrophicated.
Q-5: Is eutrophication a natural process?
- Yes, it occurs naturally when glaciers retreat over generations.
- Yes, it happens naturally over millennia as lakes age and sediment settles in.
- No, all lakes are oligotrophic.
- None of the above
Explanation: Eutrophication is a natural process. Many lakes accumulate nutrients, sediment, and plant material as they age over generations, slowly filling the lake basin. The process eventually comes to an end, and the basin is colonised by terrestrial plants. Natural eutrophication occurs at different times depending on the basin, watershed, and climate factors.
Q-6: The another term used for eutrophication is
- All of the above
Answer: c) All of the above
Explanation: Dystrophication or hypertrophication are other terms for eutrophication.
Q-7: Write out the five ways for avoiding eutrophication.
Answer: Eutrophication can be prevented by:
- The use of effective filter habitats to remove nitrogen and phosphorus from runoff water.
- Water oxygenation is used to help restore ecological conditions by minimising the negative impacts of eutrophication, such as oxygen scarcity and the production of anaerobic hazardous chemicals.
- Farming operations should be rationalised through effective fertilisation planning and the use of slow-release fertilisers.
- Alternative animal husbandry approaches are used to reduce wastewater generation.
- Installation of tertiary treatment systems to minimise nutrient concentrations and improve wastewater treatment plant purification performance.
Q-8: Fill in the blanks
- Nitrate and phosphate fertilisers should be substituted with ________.
- Eutrophication is highly associated with the poisoning of _________.
- ___________ conditions are created by eutrophication.
- Anthropogenic eutrophication is also known as _________ eutrophication.
- Algal bloom is another name of ____________.
- Compost manures
Q-9: Eutrophication causes aquatic species to die by
- Building up carbon dioxide in water
- Causing Lack of nitrogen in water
- Causing Lack of oxygen in water
- Causing lack of CO2 in water
Answer: c) Causing Lack of oxygen in water
Q-10: DO levels fall during eutrophication because
- It is used by bacteria to degrade organic matter.
- It is used by algae during photosynthesis.
- It reacts with hydrogen to form water
- Aquatic plants use it up for respiration.
Answer: a) It is used by bacteria to degrade organic matter
Explanation: Algae in eutrophic lakes are deprived of light. When algae lack sufficient light, they stop creating oxygen and begin to consume it. Furthermore, when huge blooms of algae die, bacterial decomposers lower oxygen levels even further.
Q-11: Lower BOD signifies
- More oxygen is removed from water
- Less oxygen is removed from water
- Water is pure
- More carbon dioxide is dissolved in water
Answer: b) and c)
Explanation: The Biological Oxygen Demand, or BOD, is the amount of oxygen required by decomposing bacteria to digest organic matter in water. The amount of organic matter present in the water indicated water contamination. As a result, BOD also signals water contamination.
Higher BOD means more oxygen is needed, which means less oxygen is available for oxygen-hungry organisms to eat, and lower water quality. Low BOD, on the other hand, indicates that less oxygen is taken from water, making it purer.
Q-12: Harmful algal bloom is caused by the algae
Answer: c) Cyanobacteria
Q-13: The probability of _______ increases when P and N build up
- Dissolved oxygen
- Higher BOD
Answer: a) and d)
Explanation: Eutrophication is a term used to describe a rise in nutrients like nitrogen and phosphorus that promote algae growth.Water quality can be affected depending on the degree of eutrophication. Increased phytoplankton biomass, for example, can lower clarity, light levels, and oxygen levels in the lake(Higher BOD), all of which have severe repercussions for the creatures that dwell there.
Q-14: What is DO? Why is it important?
Answer: The amount of oxygen dissolved in water is known as dissolved oxygen (DO).
One of the most important markers of water quality is dissolved oxygen (DO). It is necessary for fish and other aquatic species to survive. The aerating action of winds causes oxygen to dissolve in surface water. Aquatic plant photosynthesis releases oxygen into the water as a byproduct.
Q-15: When it’s well known that algae create oxygen, how does eutrophication actually lower oxygen levels?
Answer: True, algae produce oxygen, but only when enough light is available. Water clarity and underwater light are both reduced by eutrophication. Algae in eutrophic lakes are deprived of light. When algae lack sufficient light, they cease creating oxygen and begin to consume it. Furthermore, when huge blooms of algae die, bacterial decomposers lower oxygen levels even further. As a result, eutrophication can swiftly deplete a lake’s oxygen supply, resulting in an anoxic and potentially fatal underwater environment.
Practise Questions on Eutrophication
Q-1: Which of the following factor is responsible for algal bloom?
- High temperature
- Presence of dead organic matter
- Excess of nutrients
- All of the above
Q-2: Which of the following is not an effect of hypoxia?
- Aquatic animals killing
- Dead zones
- Capital issues
- Bloom infested water
Q-3: Chemical phosphorus precipitation can be done by adding ________ salts to water.
- All of the above
Q-4: Define the terms
- Harmful algal bloom
- Dead zones
Q-5: Name a lake from the 1960s where eutrophication reached its highest point.
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