Class 12 chemistry MCQs with answers are provided here for chapter 1 the solid-state. These MCQs are based on the CBSE board curriculum and correspond to the most recent Class 12 chemistry syllabus. By practising these Class 12 Multiple choice questions, students will be able to quickly review all of the ideas covered in the chapter and prepare for the Class 12 Annual examinations as well as other entrance exams such as NEET and JEE.
Download Chapter 1 The Solid State MCQs PDF by clicking on the button below.
Class 12 The Solid State MCQs
1. What are the key factors of solid-state reactions?
a) Size of the particles
b) Mechanical properties of solids
c) Thermodynamic and kinetic factors
d) Environmental factors
Explanation: Thermodynamic considerations decide whether or not a reaction should occur in the solid-state by assessing the change in free energy involved, while kinetic factors govern the rate at which the reaction happens.
2. Which approach can be employed to produce a high degree of homogeneity in the creation of ZnFe2O4 spinel?
a) Distillation method
b) Vaporization method
c) Coprecipitation method
d) Crystallization method
Explanation: The reactants are mixed together manually or mechanically in a conventional solid-state reaction, and the ensuing reaction rate is largely determined by the degree of homogeneity accomplished during mixing and the intimacy of contact between the grains. With the Coprecipitation method, a high degree of homogeneity can be achieved while maintaining a tiny particle size, speeding up the reaction pace.
3. In the zone melting approach, which of the following principles was used?
a) Impurities concentrate in the liquid phase than in the gaseous phase
b) Impurities concentrate in the solid than in the liquid phase
c) Impurities concentrate in the gaseous phase than in the solid phase
d) Impurities concentrate in the liquid phase than in the solid phase
Explanation: The zone melting approach is based on the idea that impurities tend to concentrate in liquid rather than solid phases. As a result, the moving molten zone sweeps’ impurities out of the crystal. Purification and crystal formation of high melting metals like tungsten has been accomplished using this technology.
4. Which solid structure has a definite and sharp melting point?
a) All types of solids
b) No type of solid
c) Amorphous solids
d) Crystalline solids
Explanation: The structure of crystalline solids is completely organized and collapses at a specified temperature. Amorphous substances melt at a variety of temperatures rather than at a single temperature.
5. _________ is a crystalline’s basic repetitive structural unit.
c) Unit cell
Explanation: A crystalline solid is made up of numerous tiny crystals, each of which is referred to as a unit cell. It’s a distinct term. A polymer’s basic unit is a monomer, and atoms create molecules, which can then be arranged to form solids, liquids, or gasses.
6. Sulfur exists in two polymorphic forms ____________ and ______________
a) rhombic and monoclinic
b) rhombic and triclinic
c) hexagonal and triclinic
d) hexagonal and monoclinic
Explanation: Sulfur has two polymorphic structures: rhombic and monoclinic. When a single substance crystallizes in two or more forms depending on the conditions, it is called a polymorphous structure.
7. What is the total number of Bravais lattices in the crystal structures?
Explanation: The Bravais lattice of a structure is formed by the combination of the crystal system and the lattice type; there are fourteen possible Bravais lattices. They can be calculated by combining several allowable crystal systems and space lattices, such as monoclinic, C-centered monoclinic, and primitive triclinic, which are three of the fourteen conceivable Bravais lattices.
8. When X-rays are diffracted by a series of planes, the resultant intensity is sometimes zero; these are created by absent reflections; what is the number of absent reflections divided?
Explanation: These missing reflections are classified into two groups: those that are missing due to a quirk in the structure, and those that are missing due to the structure’s symmetry or kind of lattice. Systematic absences are what they’re called.
9. Which of the following claims about crystal lattice diffraction patterns is correct?
a) Diffraction patterns possess a centre of symmetry
b) Diffraction patterns don’t have centre of symmetry
c) Diffraction patterns are linear space
d) Diffraction patterns contains α-rays
Explanation: In reciprocal space, diffraction patterns have a symmetry centre. This lofty claim implies that miller indices positive hkl and negative hkl reflections are comparable, provided that anomalous dispersion is not present.
10. What are the crystallization’s initial materials?
a) Liquid, aqueous solution, emulsion
b) Gas, aqueous solution, foam
c) Aqueous solution, melt, glass or gel
d) Solid, gas, melt, solid aerosol
Explanation: Aqueous solutions, whether in the form of a melt, glass, or gel, are typically homogeneous, single-phase, and amorphous. This could make crystalline product formation much easier, as long-range ion diffusion may not be required, and the product would form at a lower temperature.