Work and Energy

Work and energy are closely related to each other. Work can also be defined as the transfer of energy. In Physics, for two objects, the work done is defined as the transfer of energy from the first object to the second object. Also, energy is defined as the capacity to do work.

Work is believed to be done by a force when an object experiences displacement parallel to the line of action of the force. It’s an activity that includes force and movement in the direction of the force. The capability for doing work is what the energy is! Let’s learn more about this.

Work and Energy
 

Work is given by the equation Frcosθ, where r is the distance over which the force is applied and θ is the angle between the force and distance.

Principle of Work and Energy

The work-energy principle says states that

The change in kinetic energy of a body is equivalent to the net work done on the body.

This information is referred to as the work-energy principle and is derivable from the conservation of energy.

Here K.E is final kinetic energy and K.Ei is initial kinetic energy.

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Work and Energy Equations

It is the resultant of the force applied (F) and the amount of displacement (d) and is articulated by the equation

W = F.d

Power describes the rate at which work is done. It is articulated as

P = W/t

The energy or work is articulated in Newton-meter (Nm) or Joules or kgm2/s2 . 1 Joule is defined as the amount of heat released when a force of 1 newton acts over one meter of distance.

Ever wondered what happens when the work is done against the gravity?

When the work done is against the gravity, the amount of work done will be equal to the product of weight of an object and the height through which the object is lifted.

The mathematical representation of work done against the gravity is given as:

W = m x g x h

Where,

  • W is the work done
  • m is the mass of an object
  • g is the acceleration due to gravity
  • h is the height through which the object is been lifted

Work vs. Energy

Work refers to overpowering resistance by the application of force. It is evident that the resistance has been overpowered from the movement of application of force. Energy is the capability to do work or perform some action and can be thought of something that is possessed or stored. It exists in several forms like light, heat, electrical, potential energy or other forms. Work and energy have similar units and are closely related. Energy can be put in storage, but that cannot be done for work.  Work is energy in motion. Energy alters from one form to another by the process of doing work.

Usually, there are two sorts of work Positive and negative work. If the direction of the force is in the same direction as the motion of its spot of application, work done is said to be positive. If the course of the force is in the opposite direction to the motion of its point of application, negative work is said to be done.

Work Energy
Work is defined as transferring energy into an object so that there is some displacement. Energy is defined as the ability to do work.
Work done is always the same. Energy can be of different types such as kinetic and potential energy.
The mathematical representation of work is W = F.d where F is force applied and d is displacement of the object. The mathematical representation of energy for kinetic energy is KE = 1/2 mv2 and for potential energy is PE = mgh where, m is the mass, v is the velocity, g is the acceleration due to gravity, and h is the height.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about work.

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