MP Board Class 9th Science Syllabus - 2020-21

Madhya Pradesh Board of Secondary Education in short MPBSE is an autonomous body, which prescribes syllabus for class 9. MPBSE has a group of experienced subject experts who creatively design the syllabus keeping subjectivity unaltered. Final examinations for Class 9 are conducted for 100 marks. Results from these are also important to get promoted to the next standard.

However, studying science and understanding the concept fully is not easy. Consistent practice according to MP Board Class 9 Science Syllabus 2020-2021 will help students to grasp the topics clearly. To achieve this, MPBSE has segregated each chapter into various sub-topics and each topic are explained to students through various activities and real-life examples. Thus, studying science will not be mechanical any more. Get registered on to Byju’s learning app for better understanding and visualisation of each concept. We also offer resources for mp board 1oth class here.

MP Board Class 9 Science Syllabus 2020-2021 pdf

I Matter – Its Nature and Behaviour
II Organization in the Living World
III Motion, Force and Work
IV Our Environment
V Food; Food Production

MP Board Class 9 science has wide coverage of topics. To face examination successfully studying entire syllabus is crucial. Students can get the class 9 science syllabus 2020-2021 here:

Download MP Board Class 9th Science Syllabus 2019 PDF

Find also the table of the syllabus 2018-2019 below:

1.Food- Higher Yields What do we do to get higher yields in our farms? Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement, use of fertilizers, manures; protection from pests and diseases; organic farming Collection of weeds found in the fields of different crops; collection of diseased crops; discussion and studying composting/vermi composting. 8
2. Materials- Material in Our Clothing


Different Kinds of Materials


What are things made of?

What is there inside an atom?

What kind of clothes help us keep cool? Why do Wet clothes feel cool?


In what way are materials different from each other? Is there some similarity in materials?


In How many ways can you group the different materials you see around? How do solids, liquids and gases differ from each other? Can material exist in all the three states?

What are things around you made of?What are the various types of chemical substances?


Do substances combine in a definite manner?


How do things combine with each other? Are there any patterns which can help us guess how things will combine with each other?

How do chemists weigh and count particles of matter?


Can we see an atom or molecule under the microscope or by some other means? What’s inside an atom?

Cooling by evaporation. Absorption of heat.


All things occupy space, possess Mass. Definition of matter.

Solid, liquid and gas; characteristics— shape, volume, density; change of state — melting, freezing. Evaporation, condensation, sublimation.


Elements, compounds and mixtures Heterogeneous and homogeneous mixtures Colloids and suspensions.

Equivalence — that x grams of A is chemically not equal to x grams of B.

Particle nature, basic units: atoms and molecules Law of constant proportions. Atomic and molecular masses.


Mole concept. Relationship of mole to mass of the. particles and numbers.Valency Chemical formulae of common compounds.


Atoms are made up of smaller particles: electrons, protons, and neutrons. These smaller particles are present in all the atoms but their numbers vary in different atoms. Isotopes and isobars.

Experiments to show cooling by evaporation. Experiments to show that the white objects get less hot.


To fed the texture, observe. the colour and lustre, effect of air, water and heat, etc on each of the materials.


Sorting out a medley of materials, in various ways Observe shape and physical state of different materials. Observe effect of heat on each of the resources. (Teacher to perform the experiment for camphor, ammonium chloride and naphthalene.)


Discussion on claims ‘Air is a mixture’ Mixture of what? How can these be separated?), ‘Water is compound’ and Oxygen is an element’.

Titration using droppers or syringes, quantitative experiments.

Discussion on the fact that elements combine in a fixed proportion through discussion on chemical formulae of familiar compounds.

Simple numericals to

be done by the


.A game for writing

.formulae.c. e.g. criss

crossing of valencies

to be taught through

dividing students

Into pairs. Each student to hold two

placards: one with

The symbol and the

other with the

valency. Keeping

symbols in place,

teacher to move

only valencies to

form the formula

of a compound.

Brief historical account of Rutherford’s experiment.






3. The World of the Living Biological Diversity

What is the living being made up of?

How do we fall sick?

How do substances move from cell to cell?


How do the various plants around us differ from each other?How are they similar? How about animals?How are they similar to and different from each other?


What are we made up of?What are the different parts of our body? What is the smallest living unit?

What are the various causes of diseases? How can diseases be prevented? How can we remain healthy?


How do food and water move from cell to cell? How do gases get into the cell?what are the substances that living organisms exchange with the external world? How do they obtain the substances?

Diversity of plants and animals — basic issues in scientific naming, Basis of classification, Hierarchy of categories/groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thallophy-ta, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Nonchordates up to phyla and Chordates up to classes).


Cell as a basic unit of life; Prokaryotic and cukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organdies: chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, ER, Golgi Apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes — basic structure, number Tissues, organs, organ systems, organisms.


Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues. (four types in animals; meristematic and permanent tissues in plants).


Health and its failure. Disease and its causes. Diseases caused by microbes and their prevention — Typhoid, diarrhoea, malaria, hepatitis, rabies, AIDS, TB, polio; pulse polio programme.

Diffusion/exchange of substances between cells and their environment, and between the.cells themselves in the living system; sole in nutrition, water and food transport, excretion, gaseous exchange.

Discussion on diversity and the characteristics associated with any group.

Observation of model of the human body to learn about levels of organization — tissue, organ, system, and’ organism, observe blood smears (frog and human), check cells, onion peel cell, Spirogyra, Hydrilla leaves (cyclosis).


Surveying neighbourhood to collect information on disease Occurrence pattern. Studying the life cycle of the mosquito and malarial parasite. Discussion on how malaria is spread, how to prevent mosquito breeding.


Looking at closed and open stomata, plasmolysis in Riven leaf peels.






4. Moving Things, People and Ideas Motion


Force and Newton’s Law



Work, Energy and Power

Floating Bodies


How do we hear from a distance?

How do we describe motion?


What makes things change their state of motion?

What makes things fall?

How do we measure the work done in moving anything? How does falling water make a mill turn?


How does a boat float on water?


How does sound travel? What type of sounds can we hear? How do we hear?

Motion — displacement, velocity; uniform •and non-uniform Motion along a straight line, acceleration, distance-time 2nd velocity time graphs for uniform and ‘uniformly accelerated motion, equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion.

Force and motion, Newton’s laws of motion: inertia of a body, inertia and mass, momentum, force and acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces.


Gravitation; universal, law of gravitation,

force of gravitation of the earth (gravity), acceleration due to gravity; mass and weight; free fall.

Work done by a force, energy, power; kinetic and potential energy; law of conservation of energy.


Thrust and pressure. Archimedes’ principle, buoyancy, elementary idea of relative density.

Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and some Structure of the human ear (auditory aspect only)

Analysis of motion of different common objects. Drawing distance time and velocity – time graphs for uniform motion and for uniformly accelerated motion.


Demonstrating the effect of force on the state of motion of objects in a variety of daily-life situations. Demonstrate the change in direction of motion of an object by applying force.


Analysis of motion of hall falling down and of ball thrown up Measuring mass and weight by a spring balance.

Experiments on body rolling down inclined plane pushing another body. Experiments with pendulum. Experiments with spring. Discussion.


Experiments with floating and sinking objects


Experiment on reflection of sound









5. How do things work?
6. Natural Phenomena
7. Natural Resources- Balance in Nature Why do air, water and soil seem not to be consumed? How does the presence of air support life on earth? How have human activities created disturbances in the atmosphere? How does nature work to maintain balance of its components? Physical resources: air, water, soil_ Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures, movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India.

Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction). Holes in the ozone layer and the probable damages. Bio-geo chemical cycles in nature: water, oxygen, carbon, nitrogen.

Case studies of actual situation in India with more generalised overview of inter relationship of air, water, soils, forests Debates on these issues using resources mentioned alongside, visit to/ from an environmental NGO; discussion. 15

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