Types of Wiring

Types of Wiring

Choosing the right types of wiring is important as wiring connects various accessories for the distribution of electricity from supplier meter board to many domestic appliances. In this article, let us learn about the different types of wiring.

What is Wiring?

The electrical power distribution through wires in a perfect manner for economic use of wiring conductors inside a building or a room with better load control is known as electrical wiring.

Types of Electrical Wiring:

  • Tee system or Joint box system

  • Connection of appliances is done with this wiring. It does not consume too much of cable size so it is ideal for temporary installations and it is cheap.

  • Loop-in system

  • This system is used in such a way that the lamps and other appliances are parallely connected so that each appliances are controlled individually.They are easily accessible for finding faults.

  • Cleat Wiring

  • This wiring consists of ordinary VIR or PVC insulated wires and are braided and compounded on walls and ceilings by means porcelain cleats, wood or plastic. It is kind of temporary system and is not suitable for domestic usage. For example, used in under construction building.

  • Batten Wiring

  • This kind of wiring uses single core, double core and three core TRS cables. These cables can be steam proof, chemical proof and waterproof. It is cheap compared to any other electrical wiring systems in an electric circuit.

  • Casing and Capping Wiring

  • In this wiring, the VIR cables are enclosed under wooden casings. It is obsolete now these days. Repairing is easy when the phase and neutral wire are separately installed in slots.

  • Lead Sheathed Wiring

  • This contains electrical conductors which have an outer sheath made up of aluminium alloy containing 95% lead. These sheath protects the cables from atmospheric corrosion, moisture and mechanical damage.

  • Conduit Wiring

  • This kind of wiring is further classified into surface conduit wiring and concealed conduit wiring as follows:

    • Surface Conduit Wiring

      These types of wiring are installed on the roof or walls. Here, holes are made at equal distance and conduit is installed with the help of plugs

    • Concealed Conduit Wiring

      These are hidden inside the walls by plastering it with the help of plastic or metallic piping and

      Depending upon the type of piping, these are again classified into:

    • Metallic Conduit

      These are made of steel which are costly but very strong. Metallic conduit is again classified into:

    • Class A Conduit

      Thin layer of sheet made of steel or also called as low gauge conduit

    • Class B Conduit

      Thick layer of sheet made of steel or also called as high gauge conduit

    • Non-Metallic Conduit

      These uses flexible and easy to bend wires such as solid PVC conduit.

    These were some types of wiring, if you wish to know more, download BYJU’S The Learning App

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