Types of Wiring

Types of Wiring

Choosing the right types of wiring is important as wiring connects various accessories for the distribution of electricity from supplier meter board to many domestic appliances. In this article, let us learn about the different types of wiring.

What is Wiring?

The electrical power distribution through wires in a perfect manner for the economic use of wiring conductors inside a building or a room with better load control is known as electrical wiring.

Types of Electrical Wiring:

    • Tee system or Joint box system

The connection of appliances is done with this wiring. It does not consume too much cable size so it is ideal for temporary installations and it is cheap.

    • Loop-in system

This system is used in such a way that the lamps and other appliances are parallelly connected so that each appliance is controlled individually. They are easily accessible for finding faults.

    • Cleat Wiring

This wiring consists of ordinary VIR or PVC insulated wires and is braided and compounded on walls and ceilings by means of porcelain cleats, wood, or plastic. It is a kind of temporary system and is not suitable for domestic usage. For example, used in an under-construction building.

    • Batten Wiring

This kind of wiring uses single-core, double core, and three core TRS cables. These cables can be steam proof, chemical proof, and waterproof. It is cheap compared to any other electrical wiring system in an electric circuit.

    • Casing and Capping Wiring

In this wiring, the VIR cables are enclosed under wooden casings. It is obsolete now these days. Repairing is easy when the phase and neutral wire are separately installed in slots.

    • Lead Sheathed Wiring

This contains electrical conductors which have an outer sheath made up of aluminum alloy containing 95% lead. This sheath protects the cables from atmospheric corrosion, moisture, and mechanical damage.

    • Conduit Wiring

This kind of wiring is further classified into surface conduit wiring and concealed conduit wiring as follows:

      • Surface Conduit WiringThese types of wiring are installed on the roof or walls. Here, holes are made at equal distance and conduit is installed with the help of plugs
      • Concealed Conduit WiringThese are hidden inside the walls by plastering it with the help of plastic or metallic piping and

        Depending upon the type of piping, these are again classified into:

      • Metallic ConduitThese are made of steel which is costly but very strong. Metallic conduit is again classified into:
      • Class A ConduitA thin layer of a sheet made of steel or also called a low gauge conduit
      • Class B ConduitA thick layer of a sheet made of steel or also called a high gauge conduit
      • Non-Metallic ConduitThese uses flexible and easy to bend wires such as solid PVC conduit.

These were some types of wiring if you wish to know more, download BYJU’S The Learning App

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