In AP Board Class 9 Biology Chapter 7, students will develop an understanding of why animals behave in a certain way. The will also learn about the pattern in animal behaviour and look at some factors that affect their behaviour. The chapter further covers topics like;
- Categories of Animal Behaviour
- Human Behaviour
- Investigation of Animal Behaviour
Animal Behaviour deals with scientifically studying the different ways in which animals interact with its own species. The dimension of animal behaviour further discusses how animals interact with the physical environment as well as to other organisms. Animals show different types of behaviour and this could be directly related to its physiology or anatomy. Usually, stimuli from external and internal sources prompt different behaviours in animals.
Some examples of animal behaviour include finding food, defending themselves, avoiding predators, choosing mates, reproduction, etc.
Categories of Animal Behaviour
Animal behaviour is categorised into 4 distinct categories like instinct, imprinting, conditioning, and imitation.
Investigation Of Animal Behaviour
Notably, behaviour can be investigated in the ‘field’ or in the laboratory. It can be observed and measured, and experiments can be designed to test how it works. Animal behaviour is usually investigated in controlled conditions as well as in the field.
Human behaviour is very similar to that of an animal but studying it becomes more complex as humans are intelligent and they can control their behaviour. Besides, humans are aware of themselves. Human behaviour is usually affected by many variables.
Students can quickly go through some of the questions below and learn about some of the important chapter topics.
Question 1: Who was the first scientist to discover the process of conditioning?
Answer: Ivan Pavlov, who was a Russian scientist first investigated conditioning. He discovered that dogs produced extra saliva when they were offered food.
Question 2: If a rabbit is given a mild shock in a certain part of its cage, it stops going there. This is because of (a) Imitation (b) Conditioning (c) Instinct (d) Imprinting
Question 3: What is Ethology?
Answer: Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour and a sub- topic of zoology. The focus of Ethology is on animal behaviour under natural conditions.
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